Anonymous Princess & Queen Duatentipet
Entryway ASee entire tomb
Gate BSee entire tomb
This gate provides access to the tomb and is covered by a metal grill door with mesh. The lintel was rebuilt in fired brick and small remnants of plaster decoration are visible on both sides of the doorway. A large area of post-fire rock loss occurred in the ceiling above the doorway.
Pillared chamber BSee entire tomb
This pillared chamber is orientated east-west and lies perpendicular to the tomb's axis. Two reconstructed pillars still stand here and were added after the chamber was cut. A small side chamber lies to the east of the pillared chamber. There is fire-related darkening of the ceiling and the walls, visible as a mustard brown color. The lower parts of the walls are not blackened, most likely having been protected by sand and debris. A large area of post-fire rock loss occurred on the east wall and there is a large open, east-west fracture in the ceiling.
The scenes in this chamber are comparable to QV 38, QV 40, QV 52, and QV 75 and follows the "Satra repertoire" identified by Heather Lee McCarthy. The east and the west walls contain processions of deities found in the Book of the Dead Spell 17 and the north wall depicts the Book of the Dead Spell 15. The Queen is also depicted seated before an offering table on the north wall, and Neb-Nerou and Hery-Ma'at are depicted on the south wall. These scenes center on the solarization and protection of the Queen. The pillars are also decorated and contain images of various deities, priests, and amuletic symbols.
Porter and Moss designation:
DeitiesProcession of deities including Imsety and Duamutef, Anubis, Maanitef, Irrendjesef, Isis, and Neit (West) wall
Queen and monkeyQueen seated before offering table and monkey before shrine (North) wall (left part)
Deities and Book of the DeadVulture, hippopotamus-headed deity, and full-face deity in shrine and Spell 15 depicting Ka deity, 2 fecundity deities carrying offerings, and the day (mandjet) and night (mesketet) solar barks. (North) wall (right part)
DeitiesAnubis as jackal and lion reclining on chapels (South) wall (right part)
DeitiesNeb-Nerou and Hery-Ma'at and two anonymous deities in shrine (South) wall (left part)
DeitiesProcession of deities including Hapy, Qebehsenuef, Horus Khenty-irty, Serqet, and Horus-in-his-Youth (East) wall
Iwnmutef Priestfront (West) pillar
DeityAnubis left (West) pillar
Text and Amuletic SymbolCartouche of the Queen and Djed Pillar rear (West) pillar
DeityPtah seated right (West) pillar
Iwnmutef Priestfront (East) pillar
DeityPtah seated left (East) pillar
Text and Amuletic SymbolCartouche of the Queen and Djed Pillar rear (East) pillar
DeityAnubis right (East) pillar
Gate BaSee entire tomb
This gate is cut into the eastern wall of the pillared chamber and provides access to a small side chamber. The surviving decoration includes text on the lintel and reveals and depictions of the Four Sons of Horus on the thicknesses, two on each side.
DeitiesImsety and Duamutef left thickness
DeitiesHapy and Qebehsenuef right thickness
Side chamber BaSee entire tomb
This small side chamber lies to the east of the pillared chamber. There is evidence of post-fire rock loss, particularly on the north wall.
The major scene in this chamber is on the eastern wall and centers on the Book of the Dead Spell 180, which depicts the union of Re and Osiris.
Porter and Moss designation:
Amuletic SymbolDjed Pillar (West) wall (right part)
Amuletic SymbolTyet Knot (West) wall (left part)
Priest before DeityPriest in adoration before Anubis jackal (North) wall
Priest before DeityPriest in adoration before Anubis jackal (South) wall
Book of the DeadSpell 180. Re-Osiris flanked by Isis and Nephthys with the Queen consecrating offerings before them. (East) wall
Gate CSee entire tomb
This gate lies on axis with the tomb's entrance and provides access to a small corridor with Ramp. There are remains of mud brick walls against the right thickness that were added during the Roman Period.
The only surviving decoration of this gate is on the thicknesses and contains images of Hathor performing the Nini ritual.
Porter and Moss designation:
DeityHathor performing the nini ritual Thicknesses
Stairwell CSee entire tomb
This small corridor or vestibule lies on axis with the tomb's entrance. The floor has Steps leading down to the lower burial chamber. The walls have suffered blackening from fire and there are fragile, cracked, and detached areas of plaster on the east wall.
The scenes in this small chamber center on the protection of the deceased. The south wall is decorated with amuletic symbols and the east and west walls contain depictions of Osiris and mummiform Neith and Serqet protected by Isis and Nephthys.
Porter and Moss designation:
Amuletic symbolDjed Pillar (South) wall (right part)
Amuletic SymbolTyet Knot (South) wall (left part)
DeitiesMummiform Neit protected by kneeling Isis with Osiris (West) wall
DeitiesMummiform Serqet protected by kneeling Nephthys with Osiris (East) wall
Gate DSee entire tomb
Porter and Moss designation:
DeityUnidentifiable female deity performing the nini ritual Thicknesses
Burial chamber DSee entire tomb
This chamber served as the burial place for the queen and lies on an east-west axis, perpendicular to the tomb's axis. The ceiling is vaulted and the chamber originally contained two constructed pillars, one of which has since collapsed. A later pit that continues to a small lower side chamber was cut into the northwestern side of the burial chamber floor. The blackening of the walls and ceiling in this chamber are darker in color than the preceding chambers, suggesting that the fire itself occurred here. The lower parts of pillars and walls escaped fire damage, indicating that they may have been protected by sand or debris. Substantial packing with debris was necessary to fill large voids in the walls and was subsequently plastered over. A large amount of this infill material has now been lost, leaving large gaps in the walls.
The scenes in this chamber are severely blackened and thus difficult to identify. They center on the protection and transformation or mummification of the Queen. The west wall contains a depiction of the queen consecrating merit-boxes, the linen used for mummification, before Anubis. The south wall includes the scene of Hathor as a cow emerging from the western mountain. The eastern pillar still retains some of its decoration and includes depictions of Mehet-Weret, a soul of Nekhen performing the Henu gesture, and Meretseger as a cobra.
Relationship to main tomb axis:Perpendicular
Chamber layout:Flat floor, pillars
Porter and Moss designation:
DeityConsecration of offerings before the Son of Horus, Duamutef (South) wall (right part)
DeitiesHathor as a cow emerging from the western mountain with a Son of Horus, Qebehsenuef, behind her (South) wall (left part)
Text and DeitiesCartouche of the Queen flanked by two winged cobras (Wadjet) (West) wall (upper part)
Queen before DeityQueen consecrating merit-boxes before Anubis (West) wall
Text and DeitiesCartouche of the Queen flanked by two winged cobras (Nekhbet) (damaged) (East) wall (upper part)
Kheker Frieze, Vulture, and DeityThree registers: Kheker Frieze, winged vulture, and Mehet-Weret as cow front (East) pillar
Kheker Frieze, Vulture, Text and DeityThree registers: Kheker Frieze, winged vulture, and Cartouche of Queen next to Soul of Nekhen performing the Henu gesture left (East) pillar
Kheker Frieze, Vulture, and Amuletic SymbolThree registers: Kheker Frieze, winged vulture, and Djed Pillar rear (East) pillar
Kheker Frieze, Vulture, and DeityThree registers: Kheker Frieze, winged vulture, and Meretseger as cobra right (East) pillar
Side chamber DaSee entire tomb
A pit cut into the northwestern side of the burial chamber floor and leads down to this side chamber. It was cut in the 22nd-23rd Dynasties during a period of reuse and was used for communal burial. When the tomb was surveyed by the TMP in 1981, they noted that the chamber was filled with bones and debris.
About the Tomb
QV 74 is located on the northern side of the main Wadi, adjacent to other 19th Dynasty tombs, such as QV 73 and QV 71. The tomb is entered through a long Ramp (A) leading into chamber (B) with two constructed pillars and a side chamber (Ba) to the east. On axis with the entrance, a small stairwell (C) leads down into the vaulted burial chamber (D) that originally contained two constructed pillars, one of which has since collapsed. A later pit that continues to a small lower chamber (Da) was cut into the burial chamber floor. The ramp and chambers are cut out of highly weathered marl, as found in other adjacent tombs on the northern side of the Valley. Generally, the interior rock quality was good, allowing the tomb walls to be cut fairly straight. However, infilling with rock shards and plaster was still needed in localized areas. Floors are roughly cut throughout the tomb and may be unfinished. Extensive raised relief painted plaster survives throughout the tomb in fragmentary condition. This also includes remnants of plaster on walls of ramp (A) and small areas of painted plaster on both sides of the entrance doorway.
QV 74 was constructed and decorated for a princess of Rameses II but was never occupied. A portrait of the princess exists in Chambers B and Ba and titles of the princess, s3t nswt "King's daughter", survive in Chamber Ba. Spaces for the name of the princess, however, were left blank. The tomb was later used for Queen Duatentipet in the reign of Rameses IV. The workmen's strike in Year 2 of Rameses IV reign may have been the reason for the re-use of earlier non-used tombs. Duatentipet was a wife of Rameses IV and mother of Rameses V. She is depicted in the temple of Khonsu in Karnak, where she is associated with Rameses III and IV. She is also mentioned in the tomb of an official, Amenhotep (TT 346), who held the title of "Superior of the royal harem of the Adoratrice Tentipet'. She may have been the last Queen to have had the title of God's wife of Amun, as it became custom afterwards to be held by princesses. Evidence of re-painting and re-carving the titles of the queen exist in Chambers B and D when the tomb was reused. A different color scheme may also have been used in the pillared chamber (B) and burial chamber (D), indicating that some part of decoration was completed after the initial decoration in the 19th Dynasty. However, this may also be due to color alteration from burning. There is fire-related blackening and heat-related deterioration, though the overall blackening is not as severe as in other tombs. During the 22nd and 23rd Dynasties, the tomb was reused as a communal burial and pit (Da) was cut. Remnants of mud brick walls were recorded by CNRS in 1985 in the entrance doorway and on the east jamb of the doorway leading into chamber C, though the former is no longer extant. Both were built in the Roman period.
The tomb has been accessible at least since the time of Robert Hay of Linplum (1826), who noted that the tomb was full of burned bones and pottery and described the painted figures as, "not so well executed". Jean Francois Champollion mentions damage of the wall paintings caused by fire. The TMP drawings record chamber (Da) as being "filled with bones and debris". The tomb was most recently cleared by the Franco-Egyptian team in 1984, and then again between 1987-88. The tomb is not open to visitation and the entrance doorway has been partially rebuilt with a fired-brick lintel and has a metal grill door without mesh.
QV 74 was constructed and decorated for a princess of Rameses II but was never occupied. The tomb was later used for Queen Duatentipet in the reign of Rameses IV.
The tomb was constructed in 19th Dynasty for a princess but was not used. It was then redecorated and used for the burial of Queen Duatentipet in the 20th Dynasty, during the reign of Rameses IV. In the Third Intermediate Period, Dynasties 22 and 23, the tomb was reused and the pit was dug in the burial chamber. QV 74 was reused once again in the Roman Period and mud brick walls were constructed in gates B and D.
This site was used during the following period(s):
According to the GCI-SCA, a comprehensive campaign of edging repairs has been undertaken throughout the tomb, though no large plaster repairs were done. There is also evidence of localized areas of grouting as holes and drips of an acrylic-looking material are visible. Small cleaning tests were undertaken in various areas to attempt removal of blackening from fire. Insect nests were also removed. Treatment testing was undertaken by Franco-Egyptian Mission in 1989, but it is not clear what exactly was done at this time as some of the interventions may pre-date this intervention.
According to the GCI-SCA, the 1m Overhang to the right above the entrance doorway has eroded and threatens partial collapse as it is not supported by more stable marl rock. Loss of rock above the entrance doorway appears to be associated with exposure to rain water infiltration. The walls and ceilings of the tomb still essentially retain their architectural form and the fissuring of the rock is not as severe as in other tombs. There are, however, a few large, deep losses in the walls where plaster and rock shard infill material has collapsed. There are also many smaller areas of surface loss, including both pre-fire and post-fire loss, which contribute to the fragmentary appearance of the surviving decoration. A large area of post-fire rock loss occurred above the entrance doorway, on the east wall of pillared chamber (B), and on the north wall of side chamber (Ba). There is a large open, east-west fracture in the ceiling of pillared chamber (B). Salt veins are present on the west wall of the burial chamber (D). Fire blackening and heat-related deterioration is visible throughout the tomb. The level of blackening is not uniform from chamber to chamber. The blackening in burial chamber (D) is darker in color with a matte appearance. There is heat-related pigment alteration throughout the tomb, most noticeably in the burial chamber where the paintings have a distinct overall reddish-brownish coloration, most likely yellow earth pigments altering to red. Some areas of plaster also have serious cracking and plaster detachment as a result of heat effects. The heat source may have been located in the rear chamber (D), which suffered substantial loss of its decoration. Large losses in the decoration and rock walls throughout the tomb can also be associated with the failure of the substantial packing material needed to fill voids in the walls, perhaps weakened further by exposure to fire. The thinness of the upper plaster layer has also led to extensive shearing and loss, also made worse by heat alteration from the fire.
King's Daughter, Great Royal Wife, Great Royal Mother, Lady of the Two Lands, Mistress of the North and the South, Duatentipet
sAt-nswt Hmt-wrt-nswt mwt-wrt-nswt nbt-tAwy Hnwt-Smaw-mHw dwAw-t(A)-nt-ipt
Tomb Numbering Systems in the Valley of the Queens and the Western Wadis
Geography and Geology of the Valley of the Queens and Western Wadis
Decorating the Tombs
Champollion, Jean-François. Monuments de l'Egypte et de la Nubie. Vol. 1-2. Paris: Firmin-Didot Frères; Geneva: Editions de belles-lettres, 1845.
Demas, Martha and Neville Agnew (eds). Valley of the Queens. Assessment Report. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, 2012, 2016. Two vols.
Gosselin, Luc. Les divines épouses d'Amon dans l'Egypte de la XIXème à la XXIème dynastie. Etudes et mémoires d'égyptologie, no. 6. Paris: Cybèle, 2007.
Grajetzki, Wolfram. Ancient Egyptian Queens: A Hieroglyphic Dictionary. London: Golden House Publications, 2005.
Hay of Linplum, Robert. Hay MSS [Robert Hay of Linplum and his artists made the drawings etc. in Egypt and Nubia between 1824-1838]. British Library Add. MSS 29812-60, 31054.
Leblanc, Christian and Ibrahim Abdel Rahman. Remarques relatives à la tombe de la reine Douatentipet. Revue d’égyptologie 42 (1991): 143-169.
Leblanc, Christian, and Alberto Siliotti. Nefertari e la valle delle regine. 2nd ed. Florence: Giunti, 2002.
Leblanc, Christian. Architecture et évolution chronologique des tombes de la Vallée des Reines. Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale du Caire 89 (1989): 227-247.
Leblanc, Christian. Ta set nefrou: une nécropole de Thèbes-ouest et son histoire, 1: géographie- toponymie: historique de l'exploration scientifique du site. Cairo: Nubar Printing House, 1989.