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A project of the American Research Center in Egypt
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Aerial view of the Valley of the Three Pits
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Entryway A

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A vertical shaft provides access to the tomb


Cutting finished

Burial chamber B

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A small, undecorated rectangular burial chamber that is on axis with the tomb's entrance.

  • Chamber plan:

  • Relationship to main tomb axis:

  • Chamber layout:

    Flat floor, no pillars
  • Floor:

    One level
  • Ceiling:



Cutting finished
Flood Damage



Located further north than tombs QV A-L in the Valley of the Three Pits, QV 89 may have been first explored by Georges Daressy in 1901. The tomb consists of a vertical shaft (A) and a small, rectangular and undecorated burial chamber (B).

According to Daressy's reports, the tomb was already open. While his description of the tomb location is imprecise, it is clear that he entered at least one shaft tomb at the head of the Valley of the Three Pits and discovered archaeological material dating stylistically to the 25th or 26th Dynasty. It is not clear which tomb held the Late Period finds.

Site History

The tomb was constructed in the 18th Dynasty and it is not clear whether it was reused.


This site was used during the following period(s):

New Kingdom
Dynasty 18


1895: Excavation
Daressy, Georges
1903-1905: Rediscovery
Italian Archaeological Expedition
1945-1947: Tomb clearance
Bruyère, Bernard
1981: Mapping/planning
Theban Mapping Project
2006-2008: Survey and Documentation
Getty Conservation Institute (GCI) and the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA)


Site Condition

Due to their remote location and the depth of their shafts, the GCI-SCA team did not assess these three tombs in this area from the interior. According to the GCI-SCA, the shaft appears to be in good condition and is carved into marl, though substantial amounts of debris have accumulated at the base due to erosion. The area surrounding the entry of the tomb continues to erode due to upslope runoff. 


Geography and Geology of the Valley of the Queens and Western Wadis

The Valley of the Queens and the Western Wadis are made up of numerous valleys spread out over a vast space of desert, each containing tombs for the New Kingdom queens and other royal family members. The poor quality rock has led to damage in several tombs after suffering from earthquakes and floods.


Černý, Jarosłav, Christiane Desroches-Noblecourt and Marcel Kurz. Graffiti de la Montagne thébaine, I/1. Cartographie et étude topographique illustrée. Collection scientifique du CEDAE-CNRS. Cairo, 1969-1970.

Daressy, Georges. Trois points inexplorés de la nécropole thébaine, Annales du Service des antiquités de l’Egypte 2 (1901): 133-136.

Demas, Martha and Neville Agnew (eds). Valley of the Queens. Assessment Report. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, 2012, 2016. Two vols.

Loyrette, Anne-Marie. À propos de boules en fritte glaçurée trouvées dans la Vallée des trois puits. In: Jacke Phillips, and Lanny Bell (eds.) Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Near East: Studies in Honour of Martha Rhoads Bell, Vol. 2. San Antonio: Van Sicklen Books, 1997: 359-68.

Loyrette, Anne-Marie. Les tombes de la Vallée des trois puits à Thèbes-Quest. Memnonia, 8 (1997): 177-195.

Schiaparelli, Ernesto. Realazione sui lavon della Missione archeologica italiana in Egitto, anni 1903-1020: la tomba intatta dell’architetto Cha: nella necropoli di Tebe. Vol. 2. Turin: Casa editrice Giovanni Chiantore, 1927.