Egyptian sky goddess, often represented as a cow or a woman (sometimes with bovine ears), and once regarded as the mother of the sun god. She was the wife of Horus, wife or sister or daughter of Ra, and the pharaoh's divine mother (her name means "House of Horus," Horus representing the king). Especially popular in New Kingdom and Ptolemaic times, she was associated with music, dance, and mortuary ritual. She was called "Mistress of the Sycamore [Tree]," "Lady of Turquoise," and "Lady of the West." Major cult centers of Hathor included Dandarah and Memphis.