Entryway ASee entire tomb
A stepped entryway hidden in a waterworn cleft of the cliff leads down to the tomb. Slots for wooden beams were installed by Émile Baraize on either side of the Steps, presumably for the extraction of Hatshepsut's Sarcophagus. The original steps of the entryway are eroded.
Corridor BSee entire tomb
A long sloping corridor lies on axis with the tombs entrance. The walls and ceiling were not plastered or decorated and parts of the ceiling have collapsed with large boulders lying in the corridor. The front part of the corridor and a further socket at the end of the corridor on the northern wall seem to have been cut by Émile Baraize in order to remove Hatshepsut's Sarcophagus.
Chamber CSee entire tomb
This chamber lies perpendicular to the tomb's axis and is undecorated. A part of the floor of the northern side this chamber has collapsed.
Corridor DSee entire tomb
This second corridor lies perpendicular to the tomb's axis and the floor descends slightly. It was not plastered or decorated and a section of the floor on the southeastern side has collapsed.
Chamber ESee entire tomb
This chamber lies on axis with the preceding corridor and is undecorated. A pit was cut into the floor on the southeastern side and leads down to the burial chamber. Large sections of the floor on the northern and southeastern side have collapsed. Large blocking stones were noted here by Howard Carter and Émile Baraize, but their current location is unknown. A depression was also cut into the floor on the northwestern side, possibly by tomb robbers. The Sarcophagus of Queen Hatshepsut was discovered in this chamber by Carter and later removed by Baraize. It is now housed in the Cairo Museum.
Extant remains:Box and lid
Comments:Cairo Museum (JE 47032)
Text:Cartouche of the Queen Lid
Amuletic representations:Wadjet Eyes in small frame on first panel on left side Box
Text:Titles of the Queen Box
Descent FSee entire tomb
A pit in the floor of chamber E leads down a small, narrow, undecorated descent to the burial chamber. The ceiling of this descent has eroded.
Burial chamber GSee entire tomb
This small chamber served as the burial chamber and is undecorated. It was never used as Hatshepsut was interred in the Valley of the Kings. The ceiling of this chamber has eroded and the eastern and southern walls are rough.
About the Tomb
Tomb Wadi A-1 is located high in a cliff face (some 70 m above the valley floor) at the end of a tributary branch of Wadi Jabbanat Al Qurud called Wadi Sikkat Taqat Zayid (Howard Carter’s Wadi A). The tomb is hidden at the base of a water-worn cleft of the cliff and behind a large buttress of rock, so that it is only visible when seen directly from below. The tomb consists of stepped entryway (A) that leads into a long sloping corridor (B), opening into a square chamber (C). From here the axis of the tomb shifts sharply to the south through a short corridor (D) that opens into a large chamber (E). Cut into the floor of chamber on E its southern side, a steep passage (F) leads into a small burial chamber (G). The tomb was never decorated.
When Howard Carter examined the tomb in 1916, a large quartzite Sarcophagus (Cairo Museum, JE 47032) was resting over the mouth of passage F with the lid placed to one side. The texts on the sarcophagus revealed that it was intended for the “the king’s daughter, the king’s sister, wife of the god, the great wife of the king, lady of the two lands, Hatshepsut”. Tomb Wadi A-1 was thus planned for Hatshepsut as Queen, but was abandoned once she ascended the throne.
The tomb was originally intended for Hatshepsut as the great royal wife of Thutmes II. However, it was abandoned once Hatshepsut ascended the throne and she was interred in the Valley of the Kings (KV 20).
The tomb was first explored and studied by Howard Carter during his 3 month survey of the Western Wadis (1916-1917). Upon discovery of the large quartzite Sarcophagus (Cairo Museum, JE 47032) in Chamber E, he concluded that the tomb was intended for Hatshepsut as great royal wife of Thutmes II, but later abandoned upon her ascension to the throne. According to Christine Lilyquist, the tomb’s plan is consistent with the chronologically close tombs of Wadi C-1, believed to belong to Neferure, and Wadi D-1, belonging to the three foreign wives of Thutmes III (Menhet, Menwi, and Merti). All three tombs turn to the right from the descending corridor. Elizabeth Thomas also noted that the lack of decoration is a typical feature for tombs assigned to queens of the 18th Dynasty.
This site was used during the following period(s):
The tomb held no traces that it had ever contained a burial. Apart from two broken necks of pottery jars, which Carter presumed were left behind by workmen, a few limestone slabs of various sizes littered the floor of Chamber E. These may either have been intended as a plinth for the Sarcophagus or to seal the entrance to passage F. According to Christine Lilyquist, the whereabouts of these finds are now unknown.
Due to its distant location and the dangerous nature of its entry, the tomb is not open to public visitation.
The King's daughter, the King's sister, the God's wife, the Great Royal Wife, Lady of the Two Lands, Hatshepsut
sAt-nswt snt-nswt Hmt-nTr Hmt-wrt-nswt nbt-tAwy HAt-Spswt
Tomb Numbering Systems in the Valley of the Queens and the Western Wadis
Latest Discovery in Wadi C (2022)
Geography and Geology of the Valley of the Queens and Western Wadis
Baraize, Émile. Rapport sur l'Enlèvement et le Transport du Sarcophage de la Reine Hatchopsitou. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Egypte 21 (1921): 175-182.
Bedman, Teresa and Francisco J. Martín Valentín. Hatshepsut: de reina a faraón de Egipto. Madrid: La Esfera de los Libros, 2009
Carter, Howard. A Tomb prepared from Queen Hatshepsut and other Recent Discoveries at Thebes. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 4 no. 2/3 (1917): 107-118.
Carter, Howard and Arthur C. Mace. The Tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amen. 3 vols. London: Cassell, 1923, and many subsequent editions. Publ. in German as: Tut-ench-Amun: Ein ägyptisches Königsgrab. Leipzig: Brockhaus, 1924-1934. An abridged version, with many photographs, was published by the Metropolitan Museum of Art as: Wonderful Things: The Discovery of Tutankhamun's Tomb, New York, 1976. Other abridgements include The Discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamen, New York: Dover, 1977; and in German: Das Grab des Tut-ench-Amun, Leipzig: Brockhaus, 1950.
Gabolde, Luc. Les Tombes d'Hatchepsout. Egypte: Afrique & Orient 17 (2000): 51-56.
Lilyquist, Christine with contributions by James E. Hoch and A.J. Peden. The Tomb of Three Foreign Wives of Tuthmosis III. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2003.
Litherland, Piers. The western wadis of the Theban necropolis: a re-examination of the western wadis of the Theban necropolis by the joint-mission of the Cambridge Expedition to the Valley of the Kings and the New Kingdom Research Foundation, 2013-2014. London: New Kingdom Research Foundation, 2014.
Roehrig, Catharine H. The two tombs of Hatshepsut. In Roehrig, Catharine H., Renée Dreyfus, and Cathleen A. Keller (eds), Hatshepsut: from queen to pharaoh. New York; New Haven: Metropolitan Museum of Art; Yale University Press, 2005: 184-187.