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KV 09
Rameses V and Rameses VI

About the image
Book of the Earth, parts D and C; Rameses VI's names and epithets; Book of the Day, Book of the Night; fragments of granite outer sarcophagus; decans.
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Entryway A

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The entrance to KV 9, located at the base of a sloping hill, is undecorated. It slopes gradually from the valley floor to gate B. The entrance walls have been plastered and have graffiti on them. On the left (south) side, high up near the overhang, traces of an ancient workplan were found that depict the vault of the burial chamber J ceiling.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor A

Architectural Features

Overhang

Condition

Cutting finished
Excavated
Undecorated

Dimensions

  • Width:

    3.65 m
  • Length:

    15.8 m
  • Area:

    58.44 m2
  • Orientation:

    290.33°

Decoration

  • Names and epithets

    Reveals

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    nineteen graffiti left (South) wall
  • Anatolian language text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    two graffiti right (North) wall
  • Pictorial:

    ancient workplan left (South) wall

Gate B

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A large overhang protrudes over the entrance from gate B. There are door pivot holes and a ceiling recess at the beginning of corridor B, indicating that the gate was to be closed by large wooden double doors. A large sun disk containing a scarab and a ram-headed man was carved on the lintel, flanked by kneeling figures of Isis and Nephthys and the cartouches of Rameses VI. No soffit decoration survives. The names of Rameses VI are on the reveals and thicknesses, cut over those of Rameses V.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor A

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Decoration damaged
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.6 m
  • Width:

    2.76 m
  • Length:

    0.74 m
  • Area:

    2.04 m2
  • Volume:

    7.34 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from entryway A

Decoration

  • Sun disk on the horizon

    Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI left (South) thickness
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI right (North) thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    three graffiti Lintel
  • Pictorial:

    Coptic cross Lintel
  • Greek text:

    four graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    one graffito right (North) jamb

Corridor B

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Corridor B has a gently sloping floor that ends in a shallow ramp leading into the next gateway. The left (south) wall contains two scenes: Rameses VI (originally Rameses V) before Ra-Horakhty, and Osiris, followed by the initial scene and three registers of the first division (P)/first and second hours (H) and the second division (P)/third hour (H) of the Book of Gates. On the right (north) wall, Rameses VI offers incense to Ra-Horakhty and Osiris followed by five registers of the first division of the Book of Caverns. The corridor also has an astronomical ceiling. Its walls are covered with graffiti.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor A

Architectural Features

Ceiling recess
Ramp

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Decoration damaged
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.84 m
  • Width:

    3.17 m
  • Length:

    14.94 m
  • Area:

    48.24 m2
  • Volume:

    108.45 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from entryway A

Decoration

  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI (altered from Rameses V) offering to Ra-Horakhty and Osiris left (South) wall
  • Book of Gates

    first and second divisions (P)/first, second and third hours (H) left (South) wall
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses V offering to Ra-Horakhty and Osiris right (North) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    first division right (North) wall
  • Astronomical scenes

    circumpolar constellations and decans Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    176 graffiti, three with dates equivalent to 23 July 16 B.C., A.D. 116, and A.D. 163-164 left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Demotic text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Phoenician text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Anatolian language text:

    two graffiti left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    seventy-three graffiti, one with a date equivalent to 24 December 27 B.C. right (North) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito right (North) wall
  • Demotic text:

    one graffito right (North) wall
  • Hieratic text:

    one graffito right (North) wall

Gate C

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The gate is decorated with a winged disk on the lintel, the names of Rameses VI on the reveals and thicknesses (cut over the names of Ramesses V on the latter), and a vulture on the soffit. Door pivot holes show that large wooden double doors were to close the gate.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor B

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated
Decoration damaged

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.49 m
  • Width:

    2.81 m
  • Length:

    0.76 m
  • Area:

    2.13 m2
  • Volume:

    7.44 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor B

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI left (South) thickness
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI Reveals
  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI right (North) thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    six graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    eleven graffiti right (North) jamb

Corridor C

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There are a pair of horizontal, rectangular recesses high in the walls. The corridor has a flat floor with a shallow ramp at its west end.

The recess in the left (south) wall contains part of the upper register of the third division (P)/fourth hour (H) of the Book of Gates. Beyond the recess, the upper part of the left wall contains the fourth division (P)/fifth hour (H) of the Book of Gates in three registers, plus the fifth gate with the Judgement Hall of Osiris. The lower part of the left wall contains three registers of the fifth division (P)/sixth hour (H) of the Book of Gates. The right (north) wall is decorated with the text of the second division and the beginning of the third division of the Book of Caverns. The corridor has an astronomical ceiling showing circumpolar constellations and decans.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor B

Architectural Features

Ramp
Recesses

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Decoration damaged
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.65 m
  • Width:

    3.18 m
  • Length:

    12.37 m
  • Area:

    39.04 m2
  • Volume:

    143.32 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor B

Decoration

  • Book of Gates

    third, fourth and fifth divisions (P)/fourth, fifth and sixth hours (H) left (South) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    second division, beginning of third division right (North) wall
  • Astronomical scenes

    circumpolar constellations and decans Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    fifty-four graffiti left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    seventy graffiti, one with a date equivalent to 15 August A.D. 105 right (North) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito right (North) wall
  • Coptic text:

    one graffito right (North) wall
  • Demotic text:

    one graffito right (North) wall

Gate D

See entire tomb

Door pivot holes show that large wooden double doors was to close this gate. There is a winged disk on the lintel, the names of Rameses VI on the reveals and thicknesses (where they are cut over the names of Rameses V on the latter), and a vulture on the soffit.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor C

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.48 m
  • Width:

    2.72 m
  • Length:

    0.76 m
  • Area:

    2.06 m2
  • Volume:

    7.19 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor C

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI left (South) thickness
  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI right (North) thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    twenty-one graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    sixteen graffiti right (North) jamb

Corridor D

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The floor at the rear of this corridor ends with a ramp. Above the descent, vertical rectangular recesses are cut into the walls opposite each other before gate E.

The left (south) wall contains the sixth division (P)/seventh hour (H) and seventh division (P)/sixth hour (H) of the Book of Gates, while the recess in the third register is inscribed with an excerpt of the Book of the Heavenly Cow. The right (east) half of the right (north) wall is decorated in the upper part with the introductory text to the fifth division of the Book of Caverns and in the lower part with the fourth division in three registers. The recess in the third register is decorated with the texts of the fifth division. The ceiling depicts the legs and part of the elongated figure of Nut bending over two registers containing the beginning of the Book of the Day and the end of the Book of the Night.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor C

Architectural Features

Ramp
Recesses

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Decoration damaged
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.65 m
  • Width:

    3.18 m
  • Length:

    10.37 m
  • Area:

    32.86 m2
  • Volume:

    120.14 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor C

Decoration

  • Book of Gates

    sixth and seventh divisions (P)/seventh and eighth hours (H) left (South) wall
  • Book of the Heavenly Cow

    excerpts left (South) recess
  • Book of Caverns

    third, fourth and beginning of fifth divisions right (North) wall
  • Book of the Day

    text enclosed by a large elongated figure of Nut Ceiling
  • Book of the Night

    text enclosed by a large elongated figure of Nut Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    ninety-four graffiti left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Demotic text:

    eight graffiti left (South) wall
  • Phoenician text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    seventy-nine graffiti right (North) wall
  • Latin text:

    three graffiti right (North) wall

Gate E

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There is a winged disk on the lintel, the names of Rameses VI on the reveals and thicknesses (where they are carved over the names of Rameses V on the latter), and a vulture on the soffit.

Porter and Moss designation:

Hall D

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.52 m
  • Width:

    2.74 m
  • Length:

    0.75 m
  • Area:

    2.04 m2
  • Volume:

    7.24 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor D

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI left (South) thickness
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI right (North) thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    two graffiti left (South) jamb

Chamber E

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No well shaft was cut into the floor, although the depth of the floor in the central part is lower than the sides. The left (south) half of the chamber contains the eighth division (P)/ninth hour (H) and ninth division (P)/tenth hour (H) of the Book of Gates. The right (north) half of the chamber contains the fifth division of the Book of Caverns. The ceiling continues the Books of the Day and the Night.

Porter and Moss designation:

Hall D

Architectural Features

Ramp

Condition

Cutting unfinished
Decorated
Decoration damaged
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.63 m
  • Width:

    4.15 m
  • Length:

    4.51 m
  • Area:

    18.81 m2
  • Volume:

    68.28 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor D

Decoration

  • Book of Gates

    eighth and ninth divisions (P)/ninth and tenth hours (H) (south side) front (East) wall
  • Book of Gates

    eighth and ninth divisions (P)/ninth and tenth hours (H) left (South) wall
  • Book of Gates

    eighth and ninth divisions (P)/ninth and tenth hours (H) (left side) rear (West) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    fifth division front (East) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    fifth division right (North) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    fifth division rear (West) wall
  • Book of the Day

    Ceiling
  • Book of the Night

    Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    twenty-eight graffiti left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    three graffiti left (South) wall
  • Phoenician text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    seven graffiti right (North) wall

Gate F

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There is a winged sun disk on the lintel, the names of Rameses VI on the reveals and outer thicknesses, and a vulture on the soffit. A door pivot hole on the right (north) side shows that there was to have been a large single door here.

Porter and Moss designation:

Hall E

Architectural Features

Compound jambs
Door pivot holes

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.5 m
  • Width:

    2.7 m
  • Length:

    1.2 m
  • Area:

    3.44 m2
  • Volume:

    11.76 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from chamber E

Decoration

  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI left (South) outer thickness
  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses V altered to Rameses VI right (North) outer thickness
  • Book of Gates

    tenth division (P)/eleventh hour (H), beginning left (South) inner thickness
  • Book of Caverns

    sixth division, introduction right (North) inner thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    one graffito left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    one graffito right (North) jamb

Pillared chamber F

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A central descent divides the chamber in half, and is flanked by four pillars, two on each side.

The left (south) wall of the chamber is decorated with the tenth division (P)/eleventh hour (H), eleventh division (P)/twelfth hour (H), and twelfth division (P)/closing scene (H) of the Book of Gates. Three registers on the right (north) wall and pillar 4 feature the sixth division of the Book of Caverns. At the center of the rear (west) wall, above the descent, is a double scene of Rameses VI censing and libating before Osiris. The reliefs on the pillars show Rameses VI before Khonsu, Amen-Ra, Meretseger, Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, Ra-Horakhty, Ptah, and Thoth.

The ceiling in the central portion shows the head and arms of Nut above the end of the Book of the Day and the beginning of the Book of the Night. There are astronomical figures including constellations and decans, star clocks and decan lists on the ceilings of the side portions of the chamber.

Porter and Moss designation:

Hall E

Architectural Features

Pillars

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Decoration damaged
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.69 m
  • Width:

    8.44 m
  • Length:

    7.22 m
  • Area:

    60.83 m2
  • Volume:

    223.54 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from chamber E
  • Number of pillars:

    4
  • Average pillar width:

    1.06 m

Decoration

  • Book of Gates

    tenth division (P)/eleventh hour (H) (south side) front (East) wall
  • Book of Gates

    tenth and eleventh divisions (P)/eleventh and twelfth hours (H) left (South) wall
  • Book of Gates

    twelfth division (P)/closing scene (H) (south of descent) rear (West) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    sixth division front (East) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    sixth division right (North) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    sixth division rear (West) wall
  • Deceased with deities

    Double scene of Rameses VI offering to Osiris rear (West) wall
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI [offering to Khonsu, on right face] front (East) pillar 1
  • Book of Caverns

    sixth division front (East)
  • Book of the Day

    Ceiling
  • Astronomical scenes

    decans and constellations Ceiling
  • Book of the Night

    Ceiling
  • Star clocks/tables

    Ceiling
  • Deceased with deities

    Ptah-Sokar-Osiris [receiving offering from Rameses VI] rear (West) pillar 2
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI [offering to Ptah, on left face] front (East)
  • Deities

    Thoth left (South)
  • Book of Caverns

    sixth division left (North)
  • Book of Caverns

    sixth division rear (West)
  • Deceased with deities

    Khonsu [receiving offering from Rameses VI, on front face] right (North) pillar 1
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI libating [to Amen-Ra, on rear face] left (South) pillar 1
  • Deceased with deities

    Amen-Ra [receiving libation from Amen-Ra, on left face] rear (West) pillar 1
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI offering [to Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, on rear face] left (South) pillar 2
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI [before Meretseger, on right face] front (East) pillar 2
  • Deceased with deities

    Meretseger [with Rameses VI, on front face] right (North) pillar 2
  • Deceased with deities

    Ptah [receiving offering from Rameses VI, on front face] left (South)
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI offering [to Ra-Horakhty, on rear face] right (North)
  • Deceased with deities

    Ra-Horakhty [receiving offering from Rameses VI, on right face] rear (West)

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    thirty-seven graffiti, one with a date equivalent to A.D. 168 left (South) wall
  • Arabic text:

    one graffito with a date of A.H. 1273, equivalent to A.D. 1895 left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    twelve graffiti right (North) wall

Descent F

See entire tomb

The left (south) wall of the sloping descent shows Nekhbet as a winged cobra wearing the red and white crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt. Beyond it is the beginning of the first hour of the Imydwat with Neit as a winged cobra. On the opposite wall, Meretseger is depicted as a serpent wearing the red crown, with the beginning of the sixth hour of the Imydwat and Serqet as a winged cobra below. Three vultures with outspread wings that alternate with text bands giving the names of Rameses VI, are painted on the underside of the overhang.

Porter and Moss designation:

Descent to corridor F

Architectural Features

Overhang

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated
Decoration damaged

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.26 m
  • Width:

    3.16 m
  • Length:

    9.88 m
  • Area:

    30.93 m2
  • Orientation:

    0° from pillared chamber F

Decoration

  • Deities

    Nekhbet as winged cobra wearing red and white crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt (before overhang), Neit as winged cobra (beneath overhang) left (South) wall
  • Imydwat

    first hour left (South) wall
  • Deities

    Meretseger as winged cobra wearing red crown (before overhang), Serqet as winged cobra (beneath overhang) right (North) wall
  • Imydwat

    sixth hour right (North) wall
  • Flying vultures

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    eight graffiti left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    four graffiti right (North) wall

Gate G

See entire tomb

There is a winged sun disk on the lintel with the names of Rameses VI on the reveals and thicknesses, and a vulture on the soffit.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor F

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.53 m
  • Width:

    2.71 m
  • Length:

    0.61 m
  • Area:

    1.65 m2
  • Volume:

    5.69 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from pillared chamber F

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI left (South) thickness
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI right (North) thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    two graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    three graffiti right (North) jamb

Corridor G

See entire tomb

The floor of this corridor is flat until near its west end, where a ramp descends through gate H. A pair of beam holes before gate H may have been used to lower the sarcophagus into the burial chamber.

The upper part of the left (south) wall displays the first and second hours of the Imydwat; the lower part, the third hour. The sixth and seventh hours and the beginning of the eighth hour of the Imydwat are depicted in the reliefs on the right (north) wall. The ceiling displays diagrams of the solar boat and its components. Mummiform figures on biers form parts of enigmatic compositions like those on the ceiling of corridor D in KV 6. Along the edges are excerpts from the Books of the Day and Night. Graffiti are found throughout the corridor.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor F

Architectural Features

Beam holes
Ramp

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.7 m
  • Width:

    3.17 m
  • Length:

    7.31 m
  • Area:

    23.09 m2
  • Volume:

    85.43 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from pillared chamber F

Decoration

  • Imydwat

    first, second and third hours left (South) wall
  • Imydwat

    sixth, seventh and eighth hours right (North) wall
  • Enigmatic compositions

    solar bark diagrams and mummiform figures on beds Ceiling
  • Book of the Day

    excerpts along edges of enigmatic scenes Ceiling
  • Book of the Night

    Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    thirty graffiti, two with dates equivalent to 16 B.C. and A.D. 151 left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    two graffiti left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    thirty-eight graffiti right (North) wall
  • Coptic text:

    one graffito right (North) wall

Gate H

See entire tomb

There is a winged sun disk on the lintel with the names of Rameses VI on the reveals and thicknesses, and a vulture on the soffit.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor G

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.49 m
  • Width:

    2.72 m
  • Length:

    0.61 m
  • Area:

    1.66 m2
  • Volume:

    5.79 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor G

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI left (South) thickness
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI right (North) thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    three graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    one graffito right (North) jamb

Corridor H

See entire tomb

The sloping floor of this corridor continues the ramp at the end of corridor G through gate I. As a result of breaking through the floor of KV 12, the builders of KV 9 lowered the floors and ceilings of corridor H, gate I, and chamber I. The left (south) wall shows scenes from the Imydwat, with the upper part containing the fourth hour and the lower part the fifth hour. The eighth to eleventh hours of the Imydwat appear on the right (north) wall. The ceiling contains enigmatic scenes with cryptographic texts.

Porter and Moss designation:

Corridor G

Architectural Features

Overhang

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    5.04 m
  • Width:

    3.16 m
  • Length:

    9.73 m
  • Area:

    30.5 m2
  • Volume:

    139.09 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor G

Decoration

  • Imydwat

    fourth and fifth hours left (South) wall
  • Enigmatic compositions

    Ceiling
  • Imydwat

    eighth to eleventh hours right (North) wall

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    forty-six graffiti left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    twenty-two graffiti, two with dates equivalent to A.D. 44 and 191 right (North) wall

Gate I

See entire tomb

The slope at the end of corridor H extends through gate I, and as a result of the lower floor and ceiling levels, the gate has an unusually high lintel. The decoration on the lintel includes the horizon symbol supporting the sky, a central sun disk surrounded by four bound enemies menaced by snakes emerging from the disk, and a male figure with a disk in place of a head and snakes in place of legs. Hornung suggested that this was an apotropaic scene intended to protect KV 9 and its occupant from any negative results of a breakthrough into KV 12 that happened during tomb construction here. The blocked and patched break into KV 12 lies at the left (south) end of the lintel and the decoration here is lost. The names of Rameses VI decorate the reveals and thicknesses, and a vulture decorates the soffit.

Porter and Moss designation:

Hall H

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.66 m
  • Width:

    2.67 m
  • Length:

    0.77 m
  • Area:

    2.01 m2
  • Volume:

    7.34 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor H

Decoration

  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI left (South) thickness
  • Enigmatic compositions

    horizon symbol supporting the sky, a central sun disk surrounded by four bound enemies menaced by snakes emerging from the disk, and a male figure with a disk in place of a head and snakes in place of legs (Abitz suggested that this was an apotropaic scene intended to protect KV 9 and its occupant from any negative results of this breakthrough.) Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI right (North) thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    three graffiti right (North) jamb

Chamber I

See entire tomb

Halfway through chamber I, a ramp as wide as gate J was cut in the flat floor. Scenes on the left (south) wall include Rameses VI before Heka, the Book of the Dead, and Rameses VI facing gate J. The right (north) wall shows Rameses VI adoring two square pools with baboons, adoring Ma'at, and, facing gate J, with the Book of the Dead and a hymn to Ma'at. The ceiling shows the resurrection of Osiris and includes cryptographic texts, with Rameses VI in the barks of the Day and Night on the front section (east half) and Osiris as a mummy on a couch in front of Horus on the rear section (west half). Four rows of divinities line the outside of the scenes on both halves.

Porter and Moss designation:

Hall H

Architectural Features

Ramp

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.75 m
  • Width:

    4.16 m
  • Length:

    4.53 m
  • Area:

    18.83 m2
  • Volume:

    70.61 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor H

Decoration

  • Book of the Dead

    spells 125, 126 front (East) wall
  • Book of the Dead

    spells 124, 125 left (South) wall
  • Book of the Dead

    spells 124 (south side), 127 (north side) rear (West) wall
  • Book of the Dead

    spells 126, 127, 129 right (North) wall
  • Resurrection of Osiris

    Osiris figure rising from bier beneath day and night sun barks Ceiling
  • Deceased with deities

    Heka left (South) wall
  • Prayers and hymns

    hymn to Ma'at right (North) wall
  • Deceased

    Rameses VI facing gate J left (South) wall
  • Deities

    Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    twelve graffiti right (North) wall

Gate J

See entire tomb

Gate J has a compound jamb and a step down to the ramp which descends to the floor of burial chamber J. A pair of door pivot holes are cut into the soffit at the tops of the corners of the inner and outer thicknesses. Two horizontal recesses were cut into the edges of the floors of burial chamber J to receive the bottoms of the door leaves when they were fully opened. There is a winged disk on the lintel with the names of Rameses VI on the outer thicknesses.

Porter and Moss designation:

Sarcophagus chamber I

Architectural Features

Compound jambs
Door pivot holes
Steps

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.45 m
  • Width:

    2.62 m
  • Length:

    1.03 m
  • Area:

    2.88 m2
  • Volume:

    9.1 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from chamber I

Decoration

  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI left (South) outer thickness
  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI right (North) outer thickness

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    four graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Latin text:

    one graffito left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    five graffiti right (North) jamb

Burial chamber J

See entire tomb

The burial chamber is smaller than originally planned. The burial pit lies on the tomb's axis. If the tomb had been completed, the right (north) and left (south) sides of the lower floor level would have been extended, leaving only ledges for the upper floor level on the left and right sides of the chamber, instead of the wide surfaces now there. The sides of the burial pit were roughly widened to accommodate a large, red granite sarcophagus box, now broken in two, with its foot half lying in the pit.
Four pillars flank the front (east) wall of the chamber with two on each side of the descent from the gate to the central lower level. The first and fourth pillars were not completely cut away from the surrounding rock.
The pillars show Rameses VI with Ma'at, Ptah-Sokar, Anubis, Meretseger, Osiris, and Ptah. In the rear (west) wall, there are four pilasters, representing unfinished cuttings of pillars. The left, right and rear walls and pilasters are decorated with texts from the Book of the Earth. Pilasters 2 and 3 are inscribed with the names of Rameses VI.
The vaulted ceiling, which extends over the burial pit and the spaces to its west and east, is cut at a right angle to the tomb's axis. The ceiling is decorated with two figures of Nut, back to back, framing the Books of the Day and the Night.
Graffiti are inscribed in various places throughout burial chamber J, and one of them may represent an inspection in regnal year 9 of Rameses IX.

  • Chamber plan:

    Rectangular
  • Relationship to main tomb axis:

    Perpendicular
  • Chamber layout:

    Pillared front and rear upper level, sunken central lower level
  • Floor:

    Two levels
  • Ceiling:

    Vaulted center, flat sides

Porter and Moss designation:

Sarcophagus chamber I

Architectural Features

Burial pit
Pilasters
Pillars
Ramp
Sarcophagi
Sarcophagus emplacement
Vaulted ceiling

Condition

Cutting unfinished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    6.93 m
  • Width:

    13.04 m
  • Length:

    8.9 m
  • Area:

    118.53 m2
  • Volume:

    506.49 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from chamber I
  • Number of pillars:

    4
  • Average pillar width:

    1.12 m

Decoration

  • Book of the Day

    Ceiling
  • Book of the Night

    Ceiling
  • Book of the Earth

    part A right (North) wall
  • Deceased with deities

    Ptah-Sokar-Osiris [receiving Ma'at from Rameses VI, on left face] rear (West)
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI front (East)
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI offering Ma'at [to Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, on rear face] left (South)
  • Deceased with deities

    Anubis [with Rameses VI, on left face] rear (West)
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI [before Anubis, on rear face] left (South)
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI offering [to Meretseger, on right face] front (East)
  • Deceased with deities

    Meretseger [receiving offering from Rameses VI, on front face] right (North)
  • Deceased with deities

    Osiris [with Rameses VI, on right face] rear (West) pillar 2
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI [before Osiris, on rear face] right (North) pillar 2
  • Deceased with deities

    Ptah-Sokar [receiving Ma'at from Rameses VI, on left face] front (East) pillar 2
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI offering Ma'at [to Ptah-Sokar, on front face] left (South) pillar 2
  • Deceased with deities

    Ptah [receiving Ma'at from Rameses VI, on right face] rear (West) pillar 1
  • Deceased with deities

    Rameses VI offering Ma'at [to Ptah, on rear face] right (North) pillar 1
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI front (East)
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI front (East)
  • Names and epithets

    Rameses VI Ceiling
  • Bound enemies

    All walls
  • Bound enemies

  • Book of the Earth

    parts B and C rear (West) wall
  • Book of the Earth

    part D left (South) wall
  • Book of the Earth

    part C
  • Book of the Earth

    part C left (South)
  • Book of the Earth

    part B
  • Book of the Earth

    part B right (North)
  • Book of the Earth

    part E rear (West)
  • Deceased with deities

    Amen-Ra rear (West)

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    twenty graffiti, two with dates equivalent to 19 January A.D. 147 and A.D. 147-148 left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    thirty-four graffiti, one with a date equivalent to A.D. 142 right (North) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito right (North) wall
  • Hieratic text:

    Perhaps the record of an inspection of regnal year 9 of Rameses IX Ceiling

Sarcophagus

  • Extant remains:

    Box
  • Sarcophagus form:

    Cartouche-shaped
  • Material:

    Red granite
  • Orientation:

    west
  • Emplacement:

    In pit
  • Comments:

    The original pit sides were lengthened and widened to accommodate the box. The box was broken in antiquity for possible re-use of its one meter-thick floor.
  • Extant remains:

    Box and lid
  • Sarcophagus form:

    Mummiform
  • Material:

    Green conglomerate
  • Length:

    2.95 m
  • Orientation:

    west
  • Emplacement:

    Within another sarcophagus
  • Comments:

    This sarcophagus would have rested inside the red granite box, but was completely smashed in antiquitiy. The decoration is lightly incised and painted. The exterior surface was covered by an anointing oil that has turned black, obscuring much of the decoration.
  • Decoration:

  • Book of the Earth:
    part A, scene 10 Occupant's foot end
  • Deities:
    Isis and Nephthys (?), painted on legs of mummiform figure Lid exterior
  • Enigmatic compositions:
    Occupant's right side
  • Enigmatic compositions:
    Occupant's leftside

Chamber K

See entire tomb

This chamber represents the end of the original axial cutting for the intended rear wall of chamber J, which was never completed. The rear (west) wall of this chamber contains an extract from the twelfth division (P)/closing scene (H) of the Book of Gates, Nun holding up the bark of Ra, and Rameses VI kneeling on each side with decans adoring on the left (south) and right (north) walls.

Porter and Moss designation:

Room J

Condition

Cutting unfinished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    4.28 m
  • Width:

    2.48 m
  • Length:

    4.06 m
  • Area:

    10.063 m2
  • Volume:

    38.02 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from burial chamber J

Decoration

  • Deities

    decans left (South) wall
  • Deities

    decans right (North) wall
  • Book of Gates

    twelfth division (P)/closing scene (H) rear (West) wall
  • Deities

    Nun holding up the bark of Ra rear (West) wall
  • Deceased

    Rameses VI rear (West) wall

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    thirty-two graffiti, one with a date equivalent to 26-25 B.C. All walls
  • Latin text:

    one graffito
  • Demotic text:

    two graffiti

Details

About

KV 9 is located off the main wadi and consists of an entryway ramp (A), three corridors (B, C, and D) followed by a chamber (E), a pillared chamber with central descent (F), two lower corridors (G and H), another chamber (I), a vaulted burial chamber (J), and another chamber at the rear (K).

The tomb is decorated in painted, sunk relief with scenes from the Book of Gates (corridor B, corridor C, corridor D, well chamber E, pillared chamber F, chamber K), Book of Caverns (corridor B, corridor C, corridor D, well chamber E, pillared chamber F), Book of the Heavenly Cow (corridor D), Book of the Dead (chamber I), Imydwat (descent F, corridor G, corridor H), Book of the Day (corridor D, corridor G, pillared chamber F, burial chamber J), Book of the Night (corridor D, corridor G, pillared chamber F, burial chamber J), Book of the Earth (burial chamber J), the deceased with deities (corridor B, pillared chamber F, burial chamber J), astronomical scenes (corridor B, corridor C), the resurrection of Osiris (chamber I), deities (descent F, chamber K), and enigmatic compositions (corridor G, corridor H, gate I). Nearly a thousand graffiti in Greek, Latin, and Coptic are written over the scenes.

The jambs of gate B through gate F were originally inscribed for Rameses V but were re-carved by Rameses VI. These areas and the remaining chambers were finally inscribed for Rameses VI. When the lower corridors and chambers were being cut, workmen accidentally broke into the rear chamber of KV 12. KV 9 is well-preserved.

Noteworthy features:

There is a pit in the floor of burial chamber J, which was never finished. Pilasters in the rear wall of the burial chamber are unfinished pillar cuttings, and wide platforms represent the unfinished cutting of the central sunken floor. The tomb as a whole is decorated with a wide variety of texts and scenes.

Site History

Rameses V started the construction of KV 9, cutting from the entrance through chamber E. Rameses VI finished the excavation of the tomb, decorating the new sections with his own name and image, and usurping representations and cartouches of Rameses V in the first five corridors.

It is not known whether Rameses VI removed the body of Rameses V, or if the two kings shared the tomb. KV 9 has been open since antiquity. Papyrus Mayer B records thefts in KV 9, and a graffito dated to regnal year 9 of Rameses IX on the ceiling of the burial chamber J may refer to the inspection of the tomb after it was reported robbed.

Dating

This site was used during the following period(s):

New Kingdom
Dynasty 20
Rameses V
New Kingdom
Dynasty 20
Rameses VI
New Kingdom
Dynasty 20
Rameses IX
Graeco-Roman Era
Byzantine (Coptic) Period

Exploration

1825: Discovery
Burton, James
1828-1829: Epigraphy
Franco-Tuscan Expedition
1888: Excavation
Daressy, Georges
1824: Mapping/planning
Hay, Robert
1799: Mapping/planning
Napoleonic Expedition
1958: Epigraphy
Piankoff, Alexandre
1738-1739: Mapping/planning
Pococke, Richard
1996, 1998-2000: Epigraphy
Lukaszewicz, Adam

Conservation

Conservation History

Supreme Council of Antiquities conservation technicians have cleaned the decoration and consolidated the plaster, including infilling of cracks and breaks with plaster. Fluorescent lighting and wooden walkways with railings have been installed. The American Research Center in Egypt also funded work to reconstruct the shattered inner sarcophagus of Rameses VI, which is on display in the burial chamber. 

Site Condition

The wall reliefs in KV 9 are well-preserved, and there is little flood damage in the tomb.

Resources

Articles

See All

Bibliography

See All

Abitz, Friedrich.  Baugeschichte und Dekoration des Grabes Ramses VI (= Orbis biblicus et orientalis.  Freiburg, 89).  Freiburg, 1989.

Aldred, Cyril.  More Light on the Rameside Tomb Robberies.  In: John Ruffle, G.A. Gaballa and Kenneth Kitchen (eds.). Glimpses of Ancient Egypt (= Orbis Aegyptiorum Speculum).  Warminster: Aris and Phillips, (1979), pp. 92-99.

Aston, David.  Pottery from the Valley of the Kings: Tombs of Merenptah, Ramesses III, Ramesses IV, Ramesses VI and Ramesses VII.  Ägypten und Levante 8 (1998): 137-214.

Barguet, Paul.  Remarques sur quelques scènes de la salle du sarcophage de Ramsès VI.  Revue de l’égyptologie.  Paris. 30 (1978): 51-6.

Brock, Edwin C.  The Tomb of Ramses VI.  In: Kent R. Weeks (ed.).  The Treasures of the Valley of the Kings: Tombs and Temples of the Theban West Bank in Luxor.  Vercelli: WhiteStar, 2001; Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2001.  Available in English, Italian, French, German, Spanish, and Chinese.  Pp. 244-265.

Cauville, Sylvie and Mohammed Ibrahim AliLa Vallée des Rois: Itinéraire du Visiteur. Leuven: Peeters, 2014. Pp. 29-169.

Daressy, Georges.  Rapport sur le déblaiement des tombes 6 et 9 de Biban el Molouk.  Annales du Service des Antiquités de l’Égypte 18 (1919): 270-274.

Daressy, Georges.   Un trace égyptien d’une voûte elliptique.  Annales du Service des Antiquités de l’Égypte.  Cairo. 8 (1907): 237-241.

Goebs, Katja. Expressing Luminosity in Iconography: Features of the Solar Bark in the Tomb of Ramesses VI. Göttingen Miszellen 165 (1998): 57-71.

Measurements

Maximum height:

6.93 m

Minimum width:

2.48 m

Maximum width:

13.04 m

Total length:

116.85 m

Total area:

510.07 m²

Total volume:

1572.26 m³

Additional Tomb Information

Owner type:

King

Entrance location:

Base of sloping hill

Entrance type:

Ramp

Interior layout:

Corridors and chambers

Axis type:

Straight

Decoration

Painting
Sunk relief

Categories of Objects Recovered

Furniture
Numismatics
Tomb equipment
Vessels
Written documents

Hieroglyphs

Rameses V

King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Powerful of Justice is Ra, the One whom Ra created; Son of Ra, Ra has Fashioned Him, Beloved of Amen, Amen is over His Arm

Nisut-Bity User-Maat-Ra Sekheper-en-Ra Sa-Ra Ra-Mesu-Amun-her-Khepshef Mery-Amun

Rameses VI

King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of Justice is Ra, Beloved of Amen; Son of Ra, Ra has Fashioned Him, Amen is over His Arm, the God who Rules in Heliopolis

Nisut-Bity Neb-Maat-Ra Mery-Amun Sa-Ra Ra-Mesu-Amun-her-Khepshef Heka-Netcher-Iwnu