The entrance to KV 20 is cut into the hillside high above the valley floor. There are vague traces of steps here, but they are too damaged to plan.
This simple gate leads from the entryway to corridor B.
Orientation:2.91° left from entryway A
Corridor B is roughly cut into the limestone bedrock. The first half of the corridor lies on the same axis as the entrance, aligned toward Dayr al Bahri, while the latter half curves right (south). The floor and ceiling descend steeply into the mountain. Beam holes were cut into the walls. A stairway, too badly damaged to plan, but about seventy centimeters wide, extended along the left side of the corridor.
Orientation:7.23° right from entryway A
The upper portion of the corridor is nearly straight, similar to corridor B, with a row of steps cut into the left side of the floor. The axis bends right just before the corridor expands into a chamber. There are beam slots cut into the walls of the upper portion of the corridor.
Width:2.32 m Irregular
Orientation:37.62° right from corridor B
Corridor C2 begins as a long, narrow corridor which turns southward to end in a narrow, roughly rectangular chamber with a center descent. Traces of steps can be seen but cannot be planned. There is a change in the rock from limestone to shale, about two meters into this corridor.
Orientation:4.56° right from corridor D1
Two beam holes have been cut in the sides of the descent. Traces of steps can be seen but cannot be planned.
Orientation:1.73° left from chamber C2
It is uncertain if this is actually a gate or only the constricted beginning of corridor C2. Although there is a noticeable drop in the ceiling level, resembling a lintel, such changes occur frequently in these corridors, and possibly are due to ceiling collapse.
Orientation:5.63° left from corridor D1
The axial orientation of this corridor is approximately southward. There is a row of steps cut into the left side of the floor. There are four sets of beam holes in the walls.
Orientation:4.67° right from chamber C1
The initial axis of corridor D2 is oriented to the south, but midway through, the corridor bends to the west. The ceiling has collapsed in much of the corridor before the bend. There are six sets of beam holes in the walls.
Orientation:23.25° right from chamber C2
This roughly cut chamber has a descent cut into the floor in the rear (northwest) part of the chamber.
Width:7.18 m Irregular
Orientation:79.13° right from corridor D2
The burial chamber lies on a south-north axis, at a right angle to the axis of corridor G. The chamber contains three pillars, only one of which is intact. Two sarcophagi were found in the chamber, one on each side of the pillars in the north end of the chamber. The walls were not decorated, but Carter found fifteen limestone slabs with painted decoration of the Imydwat, probably meant to line the chamber. These are now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.
Relationship to main tomb axis:Perpendicular
Chamber layout:Flat floor, pillars
Width:5.45 m Irregular
Orientation:1.49° left from chamber J1
Number of pillars:3
Average pillar width:1.47 m
Imydwatpainted on limestone slabs, probably intended to line the walls
Extant remains:Box and lid
Emplacement:Pit with plinth blocks
Comments:This sarcophagus was inscribed for Hatshepsut. According to Baraize's plan, there appears to be a floor pit with plinth blocks on which the sarcophagus rested. These blocks now support the sarcophagus in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.
Deities:four sons of Horus, Anubis, Isis, Nephthys Box exterior
Deities:Nut on floor with arms extending along sides Box interior
Deities:Nut Lid interior
Deities:Nut Lid exterior
Extant remains:Box and lid
Comments:The sarcophagus inscribed for Thutmes I was found lying on its side. It had originally been made for Hatshepsut, but the inscriptions were changed and the interior enlarged to accommodate Thutmes I's coffin.It is now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The sarcophagus bearing the names of Hatshepsut is now in the Egfyptian Museum, Cairo.
Deities:Occupant's right side
Perhaps the oldest royal tomb in the Valley of the Kings, KV 20 lies high in the easternmost arm of the Valley, cut into the cliff face near KV 19. The tomb is of very unusual plan: its axis bends from the east toward the south and then toward the west, curving away from the bay of Dayr al Bahri, undermining the theory that the tomb was originally intended to connect with Hatshepsut's memorial temple. The tomb descends through a series of five corridors (B, C1, D1, C2, D2), two ending in chambers with central descents (C1, C2), until it reaches chamber J1. From there, a corridor (G) leads to the burial chamber J2. Three low-ceilinged side chambers (Ja-c) are cut into the north end of the latter. Because the soft shale walls of the burial chamber J2 are unsuitable for decoration, mortuary texts were written in red and black ink on limestone blocks which probably lined the walls.
This may be the first royal tomb cut in the Valley of the Kings. Its corridors, which bend clockwise, distinguish this tomb from others in the valley.
After digging here in 1903-1904, Carter concluded that KV 20 was shared by Hatshepsut and her father Thutmes I, whose burial had been transferred from KV 38. Seventy years later, however, Romer's study showed that KV 38 was actually later than KV 20 and had been quarried during the reign of Thutmes III as a secondary tomb for Thutmes I. KV 20 had been designed and prepared by the architect Ineni for Thutmes I, but at the time of his burial, the completed tomb stopped at chamber J1. The remaining descent in J1, corridor G and chambers (J2, J2a, J2b, J2c) were prepared during the reign of Hatshepsut to accommodate a double burial. The body of Thutmes I was later moved to KV 38, during the reign of Thutmes III. Hatshepsut's burial was left in KV 20 and was eventually sacked by tomb robbers. The mummy of Hatshepsut may have been identified: A tooth found in TT 320 in an ancient sealed box that bears her name has been shown to come from the mandible of a female mummy found in KV 60.
This site was used during the following period(s):
No conservation activities have been carried out since Carter's clearance of the tomb.
The upper corridors are cut in good quality limestone, but the lower ones are carved in softer Isna shale and have collapsed. For many years, the tomb was a haven for bats. In 1994, flooding completely filled the burial chamber with debris, making it inaccessible.
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