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KV 02
Rameses IV

About the image
Wilkinson's tomb number painted over incised graffiti.
More Details

Entryway A

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The open entryway has steps divided by a central ramp descending to gate B. The upper edges of the cutting for the entry were augmented during construction with rubble walls. A modern support constructed at the outer end of the damaged overhang gives the erroneous impression of a second outer set of door jambs. A crack in the overhang has been filled in. Various graffiti, including Coptic texts, are located near the first gate. Nine foundation deposit pits were located, two pairs on either side of the entry and one on the axis. However, only the axial pit and the two pair closest to the tomb door contained objects.

Architectural Features

Divided stairway
Overhang

Condition

Cutting finished
Excavated
Undecorated

Dimensions

  • Width:

    3.66 m
  • Length:

    14.01 m
  • Area:

    51.52 m2
  • Orientation:

    291.5°

Graffiti

  • Coptic text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Pictorial:

    Coptic cross left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    two texts right (North) wall
  • Greek text:

    eight graffiti left (South) wall

Gate B

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Door pivot holes are present at the rear of the lintel at the beginning of the ceiling recess in corridor B, and there also are pivot holes beyond the step down from the threshold at the start of a flat landing. These features indicate that two wooden door leaves once closed the gateway. The sun disk in the horizon is shown on the outer lintel of the door leading into the tomb. The disk contains a scarab and the ram-headed form of the sun god Ra and is flanked by the king's cartouches and kneeling figures of Isis and Nephthys. On the jambs and thicknesses are the king's names executed in sunk relief.

Porter and Moss designation:

A

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    4.01 m
  • Width:

    2.78 m
  • Length:

    0.77 m
  • Area:

    2.14 m2
  • Volume:

    8.38 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from entryway A

Decoration

  • Sun disk on the horizon

    kneeling Isis and Nephthys flanking disk Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Thicknesses
  • Names and epithets

    Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Lintel

Graffiti

  • Coptic text:

    four painted texts right (North) thickness
  • Greek text:

    four graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Modern European language text:

    "Ralli" right (North) thickness
  • Pictorial:

    six Coptic crosses right (North) jamb
  • Greek text:

    four graffiti right (North) jamb
  • Pictorial:

    four Coptic crosses left (South) jamb
  • Coptic text:

    two graffito right (North) thickness

Corridor B

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The decoration on the left (south) wall shows the king before Ra-Horakhty, the opening vignette of the Litany of Ra, followed by the text of that composition continued on the right (north) wall. On the ceiling are alternating depictions of vultures, falcons, winged scarabs and the king's names. There is either an artist's sketch or graffito of a man with a staff on the beginning of the left wall. A concentration of graffiti, many Coptic, is present in this corridor. These include prayers, saints' figures, and magical emblems (crosses, stars, knots). There are three hieratic graffiti, including one of the Dynasty 21 official Penamen which may record the inspection that led to the reburial of the mummy of Rameses IV.

Porter and Moss designation:

A

Architectural Features

Ceiling recess

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    4.23 m
  • Width:

    3.16 m
  • Length:

    15.17 m
  • Area:

    47.95 m2
  • Volume:

    202.87 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from entryway A

Decoration

  • Litany of Ra

    right (North) wall
  • Deceased with deities

    Ra-Horakhty left (South) wall
  • Litany of Ra

    opening scene and text left (South) wall
  • Flying vultures

    vultures alternating with falcons, scarabs, and king's names Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Pictorial:

    pharaonic figure (ca. 45 cm/18 inches) between gate and first scene left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    128 graffiti, one dated to A.D. 144 (reign of Antonius Pius) left (South) wall
  • Coptic text:

    seven graffiti left (South) wall
  • Hieratic text:

    three graffiti left (South) wall
  • Demotic text:

    seven graffiti left (South) wall
  • Anatolian language text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Pictorial:

    four Coptic crosses left (South) wall
  • Pictorial:

    saint left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    185 graffiti right (North) wall
  • Demotic text:

    fourteen graffiti right (North) wall
  • Coptic text:

    nineteen graffiti right (North) wall
  • Hieratic text:

    two graffiti right (North) wall
  • Latin text:

    three graffiti right (North) wall
  • Pictorial:

    two saints, raising their arms right (North) wall
  • Modern European language text:

    "Carmelo Bonello" (Maltese) left (South) wall

Gate C

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Door pivot holes in the floor and ceiling inside the lintel and threshold indicate that the gate was closed by a pair of wooden door leaves. There is a step down from the threshold to the floor of corridor C. There is a winged sun disk on the outer lintel, a vulture with spread wings on the soffit, and the king's names and titles on the reveals and thicknesses.

Porter and Moss designation:

B

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes
Steps

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.86 m
  • Width:

    2.72 m
  • Length:

    1.05 m
  • Area:

    2.84 m2
  • Volume:

    11.17 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor B

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Flying vultures

    one vulture soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Thicknesses

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    sixteen graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Anatolian language text:

    one graffito left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    thirteen graffiti right (North) jamb

Corridor C

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A pair of rectangular recesses are cut high in the walls near the beginning of the corridor. Manifestations of Ra decorate these recesses. These figures also continue as a register above the texts of the Litany of Ra, which cover both walls of this corridor. Frieze texts elaborate on the king's names and titles. A disk containing the ba of Ra, flanked by Isis and Nephthys as kites, and followed by further manifestations of Ra, adorns the central length of the ceiling. The remainder of the ceiling is decorated with a star pattern.

Porter and Moss designation:

B

Architectural Features

Recesses

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    4.23 m
  • Width:

    3.15 m
  • Length:

    12.66 m
  • Area:

    39.89 m2
  • Volume:

    168.73 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor B

Decoration

  • Litany of Ra

    left (South) wall
  • Litany of Ra

    right (North) wall
  • Litany of Ra

    Ceiling
  • Star pattern

    Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    thirty-two graffiti left (South) wall
  • Coptic text:

    two graffiti left (South) wall
  • Pictorial:

    one Coptic cross left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    thirty-one graffiti right (North) wall
  • Coptic text:

    two graffiti right (North) wall
  • Demotic text:

    two graffiti right (North) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito right (North) wall
  • Pictorial:

    one Coptic cross right (North) wall

Gate D

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On the outer lintel is a winged disk. The door jambs and thicknesses bear the king's names. Door pivot holes are found in the floor and ceiling inside the lintel and threshold and indicate that the gate was once closed by a pair of door leaves. There is a step down from the threshold to corridor D.

Porter and Moss designation:

C

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes
Steps

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.82 m
  • Width:

    2.77 m
  • Length:

    1.06 m
  • Area:

    2.92 m2
  • Volume:

    11.4 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor C

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Thicknesses

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    twelve graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Demotic text:

    one graffito left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    six graffiti right (North) jamb
  • Demotic text:

    one graffito right (North) jamb

Corridor D

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This corridor features a vaulted ceiling and a pair of vertical recesses set low at the rear ends of the walls. A ramp was cut into the rear half of the level floor and descends through E gate to chamber E. On the right (north) and left (south) walls are the first and second divisions of the Book of Caverns. The ceiling is decorated with the king's names surrounded by the star pattern. The vertical ends of the vault show pairs of winged uraei flanking the cartouches of the king.

Porter and Moss designation:

C

Architectural Features

Ramp
Recesses
Vaulted ceiling

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    5 m
  • Width:

    3.12 m
  • Length:

    12.17 m
  • Area:

    38.05 m2
  • Volume:

    191.29 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor C

Decoration

  • Book of Caverns

    first division left (South) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    second division right (North) wall
  • Names and epithets

    Ceiling
  • Star pattern

    Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    ninety-eight graffiti, two dated to A.D. 5 and A.D. 20 left (South) wall
  • Demotic text:

    seven graffiti left (South) wall
  • Coptic text:

    two graffiti left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Anatolian language text:

    one graffito left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    sixty-nine graffiti right (North) wall
  • Demotic text:

    nine graffiti right (North) wall
  • Coptic text:

    three graffiti right (North) wall
  • Pictorial:

    one Coptic cross right (North) wall
  • Hieratic text:

    one graffito right (North) wall
  • Anatolian language text:

    one graffito right (North) wall
  • Modern European language text:

    one graffito right (North) wall

Gate E

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The outer lintel displays a winged sun disk and a vulture with outspread wings is on the soffit. The reveals and thicknesses are covered with the king's names. A circular hole was cut in each thickness near the inner edge, probaly for door bolts. There are door pivot holes in the ceiling inside the soffit, but none are preserved in the sloping ramp, and it is uncertain how the gate would have closed.

Porter and Moss designation:

D

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes
Door bolt hole
Ramp

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    4.78 m
  • Width:

    2.76 m
  • Length:

    1.08 m
  • Area:

    2.9 m2
  • Volume:

    14.21 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor D

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Thicknesses

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    eleven graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    one graffito right (North) jamb

Chamber E

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Although no well shaft was ever cut, the floor level has been lowered by a descending ramp that begins in the floor of corridor D and ends in burial chamber J. The level of the original floor is preserved now as a bench on either side of the ramp. Texts from the Book of the Dead, including spell 125, which deals with the judgment of the dead, are inscribed on the walls in seventy-four columns.

Porter and Moss designation:

D

Architectural Features

Benches
Ramp

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    4.09 m
  • Width:

    4.2 m
  • Length:

    3.66 m
  • Area:

    15.36 m2
  • Volume:

    62.82 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor D

Decoration

  • Book of the Dead

    spells 123, 124, 127, 125 left (South) wall
  • Book of the Dead

    spell 125 right (North) wall
  • Names and epithets

    Ceiling
  • Star pattern

    Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Modern European language text:

    right (North) wall

Gate J

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A ramp was cut through the original threshold of the gate and still can be seen at the bottom of the inner thicknesses of the compound jambs. Door pivot holes are found inside the soffit, but not on the ramp surface, and it is not certain if the gate was closed by door leaves. On the outer lintel is a winged disk, and a vulture with spread wings is on the soffit. The reveals and thicknesses bear the king's names.

Porter and Moss designation:

E

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes
Compound jambs
Ramp

Condition

Decorated
Excavated
Cutting finished

Dimensions

  • Height:

    5.04 m
  • Width:

    2.76 m
  • Length:

    1.08 m
  • Area:

    2.97 m2
  • Volume:

    15.24 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from chamber E

Decoration

  • Winged sun disk

    Lintel
  • Flying vultures

    soffit
  • Names and epithets

    Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Thicknesses

Graffiti

  • Hieratic text:

    one graffito noting delivery of five items of tomb equipment left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    four graffiti left (South) jamb
  • Greek text:

    two graffiti right (North) jamb
  • Pictorial:

    Coptic cross right (North) jamb
  • Pictorial:

    one Coptic cross left (South) jamb

Burial chamber J

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The burial chamber, located where normally would have been pillared chamber F, reflects an alteration of the traditional royal tomb plan resulting from an apparent need to finish the tomb prematurely. A ramp descends from corridor D through chamber E to the floor of the chamber which was cut one meter (three feet) lower.

The background color of the walls is a rich golden yellow, with the figures and texts executed in multiple colors, and with the texts on a white background. The decoration of the walls of the burial chamber is executed in sunk relief and consist of excerpts from the first three divisions (P)/opening scene and first two hours (H) of the Book of Gates. The composition begins with the first division on the right side of the front (east) wall and continues clockwise around the walls of the chamber. Two frieze texts beginning on the rear (west) wall and ending on the front wall give excerpts from the sixth and ninth hours of the abbreviated version of the Imydwat. Two elongated Nut figures decorate the center of the ceiling enclosing part of the Book of the Night on the right (north) half and the Book of Nut on the left (south) half, where a centrally placed figure of Shu with upraised arms supports Nut.

  • Chamber plan:

    Square
  • Relationship to main tomb axis:

    Parallel
  • Chamber layout:

    Flat floor, no pillars
  • Floor:

    One level
  • Ceiling:

    Flat

Porter and Moss designation:

E

Architectural Features

Burial pit
Ramp
Sarcophagus
Sarcophagus emplacement

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    5.22 m
  • Width:

    8.33 m
  • Length:

    7.3 m
  • Area:

    60.53 m2
  • Volume:

    317.23 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from chamber E

Decoration

  • Book of Gates

    first division (P)/second hour (H) front (East) wall
  • Book of Gates

    first and second division (P)/second and third hour (H) left (South) wall
  • Book of Gates

    second division (P)/third hour (H) rear (West) wall
  • Imydwat

    sixth hour, abridged version front (East) wall
  • Imydwat

    sixth hour, abridged version left (South) wall
  • Imydwat

    sixth hour, abridged version rear (West) wall
  • Book of Gates

    third division (P)/fourth hour (H) front (East) wall
  • Book of Gates

    third division (P)/fourth hour (H) right (North) wall
  • Book of Gates

    third division (P)/fourth hour (H), fourth gate rear (West) wall
  • Imydwat

    ninth hour, abridged version front (East) wall
  • Imydwat

    ninth hour, abridged version right (North) wall
  • Imydwat

    ninth hour, abridged version rear (West) wall
  • Book of Nut

    Ceiling
  • Book of the Night

    second, third and fourth hours Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    fourteen graffiti left (South) wall
  • Coptic text:

    two graffiti left (South) wall
  • Pictorial:

    Coptic cross left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    one graffito right (North) wall

Sarcophagus

  • Extant remains:

    Box and lid
  • Sarcophagus form:

    Cartouche-shaped with effigy on lid
  • Material:

    Red granite
  • Length:

    3.5 m
  • Width:

    2.07 m
  • Height:

    2.95 m
  • Orientation:

    west
  • Emplacement:

    Pit
  • Comments:

    The lid was broken in half laterally and its upper edges were damaged by tomb robbers.
  • Decoration:

  • Book of the Earth:
    Box exterior
  • Deceased with deities:
    Isis, Nephthys along with crocodile, serpent and human-headed uraei flanking king as Osiris; Nut standing at foot end. Lid exterior

Gate K

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Door pivot holes inside the soffit at the beginning of a ceiling recess show that the gate was closed with a pair of wooden door leaves. The outer lintel panel displays the king's names in the centre, flanked by figures of a falcon with outspread wings standing on the sign for gold and presenting the symbol for the heb seb or jubilee festival. The king's names again are repeated as vertical columns on the door jambs and thicknesses.

Porter and Moss designation:

F

Architectural Features

Door pivot holes

Condition

Decorated
Excavated
Cutting finished

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.5 m
  • Width:

    2.08 m
  • Length:

    0.68 m
  • Area:

    1.42 m2
  • Volume:

    4.98 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from burial chamber J

Decoration

  • Names and epithets

    flanked by two falcons with outstretched wings standing on gold symbols Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Thicknesses

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    seven graffiti left (South) jamb

Corridor K

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There is a gate in each side wall leading to a side chamber. Beyond each gate is a two-tiered recess. A gate in the rear wall leads to a small side chamber. The walls of the corridor are painted with columns of text from the Book of Caverns. Images of enshrined gods below offerings are painted in the recesses. On the ceiling, a central text band gives the king's names and epithets and is flanked by stars.

Porter and Moss designation:

F

Architectural Features

Ceiling recess
Recesses

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.46 m
  • Width:

    2.58 m
  • Length:

    6.96 m
  • Area:

    17.87 m2
  • Volume:

    62.23 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from burial chamber J

Decoration

  • Book of Caverns

    left (South) wall
  • Deities

    left (South) wall
  • Book of Caverns

    right (North) wall
  • Deities

    right (North) wall
  • Names and epithets

    Ceiling
  • Star pattern

    Ceiling

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    fifteen graffiti left (South) wall
  • Greek text:

    ten graffiti right (North) wall

Gate Ka

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The gate leads into side chamber Ka.

Porter and Moss designation:

G

Condition

Excavated
Decoration undetermined
Cutting finished

Dimensions

  • Height:

    1.8 m
  • Width:

    1.3 m
  • Length:

    0.39 m
  • Area:

    0.5 m2
  • Volume:

    0.93 m3
  • Orientation:

    89.01° left from corridor K

Side chamber Ka

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The walls are decorated with mummified figures of the king.

Porter and Moss designation:

G

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    1.75 m
  • Width:

    1.6 m
  • Length:

    3.66 m
  • Area:

    5.85 m2
  • Volume:

    10.25 m3
  • Orientation:

    89.01° left from corridor K

Decoration

  • Funerary objects

    Rameses IV as shabtis All walls

Graffiti

  • Coptic text:

    rear (South) wall

Gate Kb

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On the outer lintel is a depiction of the sun god Ra's bark poised over a double sphinx, the personification of Aker. The jambs and thicknesses are decorated with the kings names and epithets.

Porter and Moss designation:

I

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    1.85 m
  • Width:

    1.3 m
  • Length:

    0.39 m
  • Area:

    0.51 m2
  • Volume:

    0.94 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor K

Decoration

  • Book of the Earth

    Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    Thicknesses

Side chamber Kb

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Situated at the rear of corridor K is a side chamber extending west. On the side walls are depictions of a couch and stool set between shrines. Below are canopic jars. The rear wall bears representations of two goddesses making a nini gesture.

Porter and Moss designation:

I

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    1.78 m
  • Width:

    1.54 m
  • Length:

    3.72 m
  • Area:

    5.74 m2
  • Volume:

    10.19 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor K

Decoration

  • Funerary objects

    canopic equipment left (South) wall
  • Funerary objects

    canopic equipment right (North) wall
  • Deities

    rear (West) wall

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    twenty-eight graffiti left (South) wall
  • Latin text:

    two graffiti left (South) wall

Gate Kc

See entire tomb

The gate leads into side chamber Kc.

Porter and Moss designation:

H

Condition

Excavated
Decoration undetermined
Cutting unfinished

Dimensions

  • Height:

    2.07 m
  • Width:

    1.24 m
  • Length:

    0.51 m
  • Area:

    0.64 m2
  • Volume:

    1.32 m3
  • Orientation:

    90.87° right from corridor K

Side chamber Kc

See entire tomb

The walls of this side chamber, located off the right (north) wall of corridor K, are decorated with mummified figures of the king representing shabti figures.

Porter and Moss designation:

H

Condition

Cutting finished
Decorated
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    2.09 m
  • Width:

    2.25 m
  • Length:

    2.35 m
  • Area:

    5.29 m2
  • Volume:

    11.07 m3
  • Orientation:

    90.87° right from corridor K

Decoration

  • Funerary objects

    Rameses IV as shabtis All walls

Graffiti

  • Greek text:

    left (West) wall
  • Coptic text:

Details

About

KV 2 is cut into the base of a hill on the northwest side of the main wadi of the Valley of the Kings, just south of the branch wadi leading to KV 1. The tomb consists of three gently sloping corridors (B, C, D) followed by a chamber (E), a burial chamber (J), and a corridor beyond (K) with side chambers Ka-c. The tomb is decorated with scenes from the Litany of Ra (corridor B, corridor C), Book of Caverns (corridor D, corridor K), Book of the Dead (well chamber E), Book of Gates (burial chamber J), Imydwat (burial chamber J), Book of Nut (burial chamber J), Book of the Night (burial chamber J), Book of the Earth (gate Kb), deceased and deities (corridor B, corridor K, side chamber Ka, side chamber Kb, side chamber Kc), and burial furniture (side chamber Kb).

The original plan of the tomb was altered after the death of the king, and the chamber which would have been pillared chamber F was used for burial chamber J. Two plans of the tomb are known: a plan of the whole tomb drawn on a papyrus now in the Turin Museum (Cat. 1885), and a sketch of the doorway of the tomb on an ostracon found in the rubble at the entrance.

Noteworthy features:

Notable architectural features of this tomb include: the barrel-vaulted ceiling of corridor D; the ramp through the floor of corridor D, gate E and chamber E; the conversion of a pillared chamber into a burial chamber; side chambers and recesses off the rear corridor K. Also unusual are the number of foundation deposit pits, although not all were used. Decoration unique to this tomb includes the representation of Shu and Nut from the Book of Nut on the ceiling of burial chamber J, the mummiform figures in Ka and Kc, and parts of the Book of Caverns, which appear for the first time in the Valley of the Kings. KV 2 is one of the few tombs for which an ancient plan has survived.

The tomb was frequently visited in antiquity, and graffiti are scattered throughout the tomb. In general, each visitor left his name, his profession, his origin, and personal comments about the tomb. There is a significant number of Coptic graffiti, including representations of saints and Coptic crosses.

Site History

The construction of the pillared chamber was cut short at the king's death when little beyond the pillared chamber was completed. That chamber was converted into a burial chamber, the pillars removed, and the floor lowered to accommodate the massive sarcophagus. Later, after vandals had disturbed the burial, the king's mummy was reburied in a re-used coffin in the cache in KV 35. KV 2 has been open since antiquity. There are over seven hundred Greek and Latin graffiti throughout the tomb. Over fifty Coptic graffiti show that the tomb was used during the Byzantine Period. During the first half of the nineteenth century, the tomb was often used as a dwelling by European explorers investigating the Valley.

Dating

This site was used during the following period(s):

New Kingdom
Dynasty 20
Rameses IV
Graeco-Roman Era
Byzantine (Coptic) Period

Exploration

1905-1906: Excavation
Ayrton, Edward Russell
1768: Visit
Bruce, James
1920: Excavation
Carter, Howard
1828-1829: Epigraphy
Franco-Tuscan Expedition
1832: Visit
Jones, Owen
1838: Visit
L'Hôte, Nestor
1737-1738: Mapping/planning
Pococke, Richard
1837: Visit
Pückler-Muskau, Hermann Ludwig Heinrich
1718: Visit
Sicard, Claude
1825-1828: Visit
Wilkinson, John Gardner
1825: Mapping/planning
Burton, James

Conservation

Conservation History

Work by the Egyptian Antiquities Association/Supreme Council of Antiquities included in-filling of cracks and holes in walls and ceiling, the cleaning of painted decoration, the installation of new lighting, wooden walkways and glass panels.

Site Condition

KV 2 was spared floodwater damage, and the painted decoration on the walls is well-preserved.

Resources

Articles

See All

Bibliography

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Aston, David.  Pottery from the Valley of the Kings: Tombs of Merenptah, Ramesses III, Ramesses IV, Ramesses VI and Ramesses VII.  Ägypten und Levante 8 (1998): 137-214.

Badawy, Alexander.  Les dessins architectural chez les anciens Égyptiens: Étude comparative des representations égyptienne de constructions.  Cairo: Government Press, 1048.  P. 195.

Carter, Howard and Alan H. Gardiner. The Tomb of Ramesses IV and the Turin Plan of a Royal Tomb.  Journal of Egyptian Archaeology.  London 4 (1917): 130-158.

Cauville, Sylvie and Mohammed Ibrahim AliLa Vallée des Rois: Itinéraire du Visiteur. Leuven: Peeters, 2014. Pp. 171-204.

Chabas, Françpos Joseph.  Sur un plan égyptien d’un tombeau royal à Thèbes.  Mélanges égyptologiques 3, 2 (Chalon-sur-Saône, 1862-1873): 175-202.

Daressy, Georges.  Un plan égyptien d’une tombe royale.  Revue Archéologique, sér. 3, 32 (1898): 235-240.

Davis, Theodore M., Gaston Maspero, Edward Ayrton, Georges Daressy and E. H. Jones.  The Tomb of Siphtah (= Theodore M. Davis' Excavations, Biban el Moluk, 4).  London, 1908.  Pp. 6-7, 28.

Demichelis, Sara.  Le Projet Initial de la Tombe de Ramsès IV? Papyrus de Turin CGC 55002. Zeitschrift für ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 131 (2004): 114-133.

Helck, Wolfgang.  Königsgräbertal.  In:  Wolfgang Helck, Eberhart Otto and Wolfhart Westendorf (eds.).  Lexikon der Ägyptologie. 7 vols. Wiesbaden, 1972-1992. (1980), 3: 515.

Measurements

Maximum height:

5.22 m

Minimum width:

1.24 m

Maximum width:

8.33 m

Total length:

88.67 m

Total area:

304.89 m²

Total volume:

1105.25 m³

Additional Tomb Information

Owner type:

King

Entrance location:

End of spur

Entrance type:

Ramp

Interior layout:

Corridors and chambers

Axis type:

Straight

Decoration

Painting
Sunk relief

Categories of Objects Recovered

Architectural elements
Furniture
Human mummies
Tomb equipment
Vegetal remains
Written documents

Hieroglyphs

Rameses IV

King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Ruler of Justice Like Ra, Chosen by Amen; Son of Ra, Ra Has Fashioned Him, Beloved of Amen

Nisut-Bity Heka-Maat-Ra Setep-en-Amun Sa-Ra Ra-Mesu Heka-Maat Mery-Amun