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KV 18
Rameses X

About the image
Tomb entrance and surroundings during clearance by University of Basel.
More Details

Entryway A

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The cutting and decoration were finished, though later floods destroyed the decorated plaster surface. The walls of this sloping corridor were whitewashed by Carter, covering remains of unfinished relief decoration.There are traces of scenes on the left (east) and right (west) walls. On the left wall a figure of the king wearing an atef crown, and a figure of the king and Amen-Ra-Horakhty are identifiable. On the right wall, one can recognize a figure of the king wearing the red crown of Lower Egypt, and a figure of the king in front of Amen-Ra-Horakhty and Meretseger, followed by a sun disk. There has been some ceiling collapse at the rear of this corridor.

Architectural Features

Overhang

Condition

Cutting finished
Damaged structurally
Excavated
Undecorated

Dimensions

  • Width:

    3.7 m
  • Length:

    15.78 m
  • Area:

    60.88 m2
  • Orientation:

    185.95°

Graffiti

  • Modern European language text:

    twelve graffiti, dating between 1623 and 1905 left (East) wall
  • Modern European language text:

    fourteen graffiti, dating between 1819 and 1886 right (West) wall

Gate B

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The gate has a step down at the broken inner edge of the threshold. On the reveals and thicknesses are remains of the king's names. The lintel shows the sun disk with the scarab and ram-headed god, flanked by kneeling figures of the king accompanied by Isis and Nephthys.

Porter and Moss designation:

Entrance

Architectural Features

Steps

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Decorated
Decoration damaged
Damaged structurally

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.66 m
  • Width:

    2.74 m
  • Length:

    0.65 m
  • Area:

    1.76 m2
  • Volume:

    6.44 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from entryway A

Decoration

  • Sun disk on the horizon

    Lintel
  • Names and epithets

    Reveals
  • Names and epithets

    left (East) thickness
  • Names and epithets

    right (West) thickness

Graffiti

  • Modern European language text:

    Inner lintel

Corridor B

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The cutting and decoration were finished, though later floods destroyed the decorated plaster surface. The walls of this sloping corridor were whitewashed by Carter, covering remains of unfinished relief decoration.There are traces of scenes on the left (east) and right (west) walls. On the left wall a figure of the king and Ra-Horakhty are identifiable. On the right wall, one can recognize the figure of the king in front of Amen-Ra-Horakhty and Meretseger, followed by a sun disk. There has been some ceiling collapse at the rear of this corridor.

Porter and Moss designation:

First corridor

Architectural Features

Ceiling recess

Condition

Cutting finished
Damaged structurally
Decorated
Decoration damaged
Excavated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    3.9 m
  • Width:

    3.15 m
  • Length:

    15.19 m
  • Area:

    47.81 m2
  • Volume:

    192.32 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from entryway A

Decoration

  • Deceased with deities

    Ra-Horakhty left (East) wall
  • Deceased with deities

    Amen-Ra-Horakhty and Meretseger, followed by sun disk right (West) wall
  • Deceased

    left (East) wall
  • Deceased

    right (West) wall

Gate C

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Part of the lintel has broken away because of ceiling collapse. There is a step down at the inner end of the threshold.

Architectural Features

Steps

Condition

Excavated
Cutting finished
Damaged structurally
Decoration damaged

Dimensions

  • Height:

    4.4 m
  • Width:

    2.74 m
  • Length:

    0.62 m
  • Area:

    1.68 m2
  • Volume:

    7.39 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor B

Corridor C

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The cutting of the corridor was unfinished, leaving a series of rough steps leading up to the abandoned work face. The walls before this terraced end of the corridor were smoothed but apparently left undecorated, and a large rectangular recess was cut in each wall near the ceiling. The ceiling has collapsed.

Architectural Features

Recesses

Condition

Cutting unfinished
Damaged structurally
Excavated
Undecorated

Dimensions

  • Height:

    4.44 m
  • Width:

    3.16 m Irregular
  • Length:

    10.44 m
  • Area:

    32.19 m2
  • Volume:

    113.59 m3
  • Orientation:

    0° from corridor B

Details

About

KV 18 is located in the southeast wadi. The tomb was unfinished and very little decoration remains. The lintel of gate B is decorated with the sun disk on the horizon, and corridor B is decorated with representations of Rameses X with deities. Before 1998, only corridor B and gate C had been cleared. The MISR Project: Mission Siptah-Ramses X finished excavating KV 18 in 1999 and cleared corridor C.

Noteworthy features:

Carter installed the Valley's first electric generator in entryway A in 1903.

Site History

The tomb appears to have been abandoned, still unfinished at the death of Rameses X, and subsequently filled in by flood deposits. In 1903, Carter set up a large electric generator for lighting tombs in the Valley in the roofed-over entryway A of the tomb.

Dating

This site was used during the following period(s):

New Kingdom
Dynasty 20

Exploration

1902: Excavation
Carter, Howard
1889: Mapping/planning
Lefébure, Eugène
1799: Mapping/planning
Napoleonic Expedition
1737-1738: Mapping/planning
Pococke, Richard
1978: Epigraphy
Romer, John
1998-2000: Excavation
MISR Project: Mission Siptah-Ramses X
1825: Mapping/planning
Burton, James
1844-1845: Epigraphy
Lepsius, Carl Richard
1828-1829: Epigraphy
Franco-Tuscan Expedition

Conservation

Site Condition

Floods were responsible for the loss of decoration. Much of the painted relief decoration on the lintel of gate B and the plaster in corridor B has been lost. Carter had the walls of this corridor white-washed.

Resources

Bibliography

See All

Porter, Bertha and Rosalind Moss.  Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Text, Reliefs, and Paintings. I, 2.The Theban Necropolis: RoyalTombs and Smaller Cemeteries.  Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964.  Pp. 545.

Reeves, Carl Nicholas.  Valley of the Kings: The Decline of a Royal Necropolis (= Studies in Egyptology).  London:  KPI, 1990. Pp. 120.

Thomas, Elizabeth.  The Royal Necropoleis of Thebes.  Princeton: privately printed, 1966.  P. 132.

Weeks, Kent R.  Measurements of KV Royal Tomb Components.  In: Richard H. Wilkinson and Kent R. Weeks (eds.).  The Oxford Handbook of the Valley of the Kings.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.  Pp. 583-599.

Weeks, Kent R. (ed.).  Atlas of the Valley of the Kings (= Publications of the Theban Mapping Project.  Cairo: American University in Cairo, 1).  Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2000.  Map sheet 37. 

Wilkinson, Richard H. and Carl Nicholas Reeves.  The Complete Valley of the Kings.  London:  Thames and Hudson, 1996.  P. 172.

Measurements

Maximum height:

4.44 m

Minimum width:

2.74 m

Maximum width:

3.70 m

Total length:

42.68 m

Total area:

144.32 m²

Total volume:

319.74 m³

Additional Tomb Information

Owner type:

King

Entrance location:

Base of sloping hill

Entrance type:

Ramp

Interior layout:

Corridors

Axis type:

Straight

Decoration

Sunk relief

Categories of Objects Recovered

Architectural elements
Furniture
Mammal remains
Tomb equipment
Vessels
Written documents

Hieroglyphs

Rameses X

King of Upper and Lower Egypt, the Justice of Ra Comes into Being, Chosen of Ra; Son of Ra, Ra has Fashioned Him, Amen is over his Strong Arm