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A project of the American Research Center in Egypt
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Entrances to QV22 and QV19 in background
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Chamber B

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Large rectangular roughly cut chamber perpendicular to the shaft (A), with a niche or small side chamber jutting out of the middle of the south wall at a 45 degree angle. In the southeast corner of the chamber, the ceiling has collapsed, and the corner of the southeast chamber is therefore only estimated. Dried, cracked mud on the shaft wall and chamber floor indicated flooding. A mummified dog, fine pottery fragments, and bone and wood fragments were found in the chamber. The side chamber or niche also has a collapsed ceiling, making it difficult to assess its function.


Cutting finished
Damaged structurally
Flood Damage



QV 22 lies on a slight slope on the south side of the main Wadi, along the south side of the principal pathway. It has one main chamber (B) perpendicular to the shaft and a small side chamber or niche that juts out at a 45 degree angle. The shaft has a cemented brick masonry surround spanned by a metal grill with mesh. 

Elizabeth Thomas described this tomb as one of the "crosswise" tombs with an uncommon plan and a deep shaft. At the time of her visit, a number of artifacts were present. The tomb was last cleared in 1986-87 by the Franco-Egyptian Mission. They noted that its contents were similar to those of QV 21 - mummified remains and fragments of fine pottery, bone, and wood - that indicate that the 18th Dynasty tomb was reused in the Third Intermediate period.

Noteworthy features:

Elizabeth Thomas described this tomb as one of the "crosswise" tombs, with an uncommon plan and a deep shaft.

Site History

The tomb was constructed in the 18th Dynasty and reused in the Third Intermediate Period.


This site was used during the following period(s):

New Kingdom
Dynasty 18
Third Intermediate Period


1959-1960: Survey and Documentation
Thomas, Elizabeth
1986-1987: Publication, Conservation, Excavation
Franco Egyptian Mission
1981: Mapping/planning
Theban Mapping Project
1990-1991: Conservation
Franco Egyptian Mission
2006-2008: Survey and Documentation
Getty Conservation Institute (GCI) and the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA)


Site Condition

According to the GCI-SCA, like its neighbors, QV 22 is cut into an area of intersection between two different qualities of rock. The marl and shale are separated by a clear horizon that runs in a nearly vertical fashion along the length of the main chamber (B). More specifically, the southern portion of the eastern end of the main chamber (B), as well as the entirety of the side chamber or niche are cut into weak, highly fractured shale. The remainder of the tomb is composed of marl. In some areas where shale is present, there are signs of rock fall and deterioration. Dried, cracked mud is present on the walls of the shaft and on the floor of the main chamber, providing evidence of previous flooding or water infiltration. More vulnerable to damage from water infiltration, the shale has deteriorated more rapidly than the marl in this tomb. 


Geography and Geology of the Valley of the Queens and Western Wadis

The Valley of the Queens and the Western Wadis are made up of numerous valleys spread out over a vast space of desert, each containing tombs for the New Kingdom queens and other royal family members. The poor quality rock has led to damage in several tombs after suffering from earthquakes and floods.


Aston, D.A. The Theban West Bank from the Twenty-fifth Dynasty to the Ptolemaic Period. In: Nigel Strudwick, and John H. Taylor (Eds.). The Theban Necropolis: Past, Present and Future. London: British Museum, 2003: 138- 63.

Aston, David. Burial Assemblages of Dynasty 21-25. Chronology – Typology – Developments. Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie 54 = Contributions to the Chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean 21. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2009.

CNRS mission report: Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France). Rapport d'activité 1987-1988 URA no. 1064, 1987-1988.

Demas, Martha and Neville Agnew (eds). Valley of the Queens. Assessment Report. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, 2012, 2016. Two vols.