Kings Valley Masterplan

The Valley of the Kings Site Management Masterplan
Theban Mapping Project, Cairo, Egypt

The Valley of the Kings (Wadi Biban el Mouluk) on the West Bank of the Nile in Luxor, in the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a World Heritage site whose archaeological fame and economic importance as a tourist destination are internationally recognized. The result of its popularity has been a massive increase in visitor numbers over the last decade, now often exceeding 7,000 visitors every day. This number is guaranteed to increase in future years. Without carefully prepared site manegement plans, the very existence of this fragile resource could be seriously threatened.
In the spring of 2004, the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) requested that the Theban Mapping Project (TMP) prepare a masterplan for the future management of the Valley. This project was generously supported by the World Monuments Fund (WMF), and the American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE), and several private donors. What follows is the main text of that management plan.
The methodology adopted for the plan included studies of the following elements:
  • Assessment of the significance and values of the site
  • A survey of historical data
  • An inventory of threats
  • A comprehensive condition survey of the tombs and the site
  • A stakeholder consultation both on site and online
  • Microclimate surveys
  • Visitor behaviour surveys
  • Proposals to remedy the current threats and to prepare the site for the future
These processes are designed to be fluid, dynamic, and will undergo regular revision.
The completed Valley of the Kings Masterplan will be translated into Arabic and form the basis for a practical site manual.
The Theban Mapping Project is very interested in your comments on the KV Masterplan. You can provide feedback directly to us via email at We look forward to hearing from you.
The following is the KV Masterplan broken down by chapter. Click on the link to the right of each chapter heading to download an Adobe Acrobat® version of the document:
Foreword (273k PDF file)  
Title Page, Acknowledgements, Table of Contents, List of Tables, List of Figures, Statement of Significance, Rationale behind the Masterplan, Methodology.
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Site (1779k PDF file)  
Historical, social and geographical description of the site from the Pre-Historic period to the present day, sections Include: Site Definition and Historical Development.
Chapter 2: Current Risk Factors (1079k PDF file)  
An assessment of the present day threats facing the valley. Sections Include: The Natural Environment and Human Intervention
Chapter 3: Tourism in Egypt (523k PDF file)  
An overview of the current tourism scene. Sections Include: Tourism in Egypt, Luxor and KV.
Chapter 4: Stakeholder Surveys (600k PDF file)  
A Review of the results of the TMPís stakeholder surveys, sections include the outcome of both the Onsite and Online Surveys.
Chapter 5: Condition Surveys (512k PDF file)  
A detailed study of the state of preservation of KV, sections include: Previous work by the TMP, Current Tomb Condition Reports, Photographic Survey and Tomb Environmental Monitoring.
Chapter 6: KV Infrastructure (1269k PDF file)  
A step by step review of the infrastructure of the valley, sections iclude: KV Access, Transport, Parking, Visitors Center, Tramline, Security, Visitor Facilities, Tomb Interiors, Site Utilities and Site Fabric.
Chapter 7: Visitor Management in KV (1517k PDF file)  
The TMPís review and surveys of current visitor managemnt in KV, sections include: Carrying Capacity, Visitor Flow, Ticketing and Visitor Experience.
Chapter 8: KV Site Management (272k PDF file)  
An evaluation of the role of KVís management, sections include: The SCA, KV Funding, Site Management and CRM Training, Emergency and Disaster Planning, Role of a West Bank Conservation Office.
Chapter 9: Evaluation, Implementation, Monitoring and Bibliography (206k PDF file)  
The results of our research including our conclusions and the masterplan Work Schedule.
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